- Open bowl-shaped vessels, used chiefly for drinking, often having one handle, but sometimes two handles or none, generally on a low foot-ring; also includes similar bowl-shaped vessels, generally without handles, resting on a stem and supported by a spreading foot. Occasionally made with a lid.
Early Bronze Age
- Refers to the earliest phase of Bronze Age cultures, which developed differently in different regions, either from Chalcolithic or Neolithic technologies. It differs from the Middle and Late Bronze Age cultures primarily in metal assemblages and burial rites. It is characterized in part by the earliest experimentation with copper alloys to produce bronze, as well as the improvement of stone tools, and various other local cultural developments. Some scholars classify the Chalcolithic as the earliest phase of the Bronze Age.
- Refers to the earliest phase of Minoan art and culture, according to the classification system devised by the archaeologist, Arthur Evans. It is characterized by the introduction of metal from Asia Minor, distinctive sculpture, and pottery, including hand-made clay pots decorated with incised geometric patterns and others that are apparently inspired by Egyptian pieces of the First to Fourth Dynasties. It overlaps with the Prepalatial period in the alternate classification scheme of Nikolas Platon.
- Refers to the period and style associated with the Greek Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete from around 3,500 BCE to around 1,050 BCE, as distinct from contemporary cultures on the Greek Mainland, known as "Helladic," and on the other islands, known as "Cycladic." Minoan art and culture spread in the Aegean region, and thus existed in locations outside Crete. It is characterized by innovations and a grand scale in city and palace design, extensive use of writing, and a distinctive sophistication in art, including elaborate seals, pottery, frescoes, and sculpture.
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