South Ionian Wild Goat Style Oinochoe(?) (Jug) Shoulder FragmentArchaic
590 BCE - 570 BCE
4 3/4 in. x 5 3/8 in. x 1/4 in. (12 cm x 13.6 cm x 0.7 cm)
Accession Number: P.803
Geography: Asia, Turkey, Possibly Miletus
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Oinochoai
Culture/Nationality: South Ionian/East Greek
Findspot: Possibly Naukratis
Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keywordThis object has the following keywords:
East Greek, Fikellura*, Ionian*, lotus*, Orientalizing*, rosette*, sherds*, vessels*, Wild Goat Style*
- East Greek
- Fikellura - Refers to a Greek pottery style that developed around 560 BCE and is named after a site on the island of Rhodes. The most common shape is a squat amphora, and the painting is characterized by dark-on-light designs that generally comprise a single human or animal figure in an empty field or closely spaced bands of ornament, including crescents and lotus flowers. In some classification schemes, it is a variation of middle or late Wild Goat Style.
- Ionian - Distinctive pottery painting styles produced in ancient Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey.
- lotus - Either of two motifs that are both based on types of waterlily, one originating in ancient Egypt and the other in India. Within Egyptian lotus motifs, two varieties occur from the beginning of the Dynastic period ca. 3000 BCE: If the flower-head has a curved outline, it is based on the white-flowered species Nymphaea lotus, while if the flower has a triangular outline, it is based on the blue-flowered species, Nymphaea caerulea. The Egyptian motif continued in Greek, Roman, and later European art. For the Indian lotus specifically, based on the species Nelumbo nucifera, use the narrower term "padma."
- Orientalizing - Refers to the ancient Greek period and style that followed the Geometric period and existed from around 725 BCE to around 650 BCE, overlapping with the early portion of the Archaic period of Greek history. It developed in Corinth and spread throughout Greece, to Etruria, and to other places with connections to Greece. It grew out of greatly expanded Greek trade and the subsequent influence of Near Eastern and Egyptian cultures. It is characterized by the abandonment of the geometric shapes and stick figures of the Geometric period to favor curvilinear forms, fleshy figures, and new themes, including exotic animals and monsters, such as sphinxes and griffins.
- rosette - Motif in the form of a stylized rose with petals radiating from the center, or for similar circular ornaments having a design radiating from the center.
- sherds - Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- vessels - Containers designed to serve as receptacles for a liquid or other substance, usually those of circular section and made of some durable material; especially containers of this nature in domestic use, employed in connection with the preparation or serving of food or drink, and usually of a size suitable for carrying by hand.
- Wild Goat Style - Refers to a Greek pottery style that began in Eastern Greece and flourished from about 650 to 550 BCE. It grew out of Sub-Geometric and Orientalizing styles, and is characterized by a loose painting style using dark paint on a light colored slip, enlivened with purple details, and with faces and anatomical details reserved in light. The subject matter often includes animals, especially goats, deer, geese, and griffins.
Additional Images Click an image to view a larger version
- maximum length Dimensions: 4 3/4 x 5 3/8 x 1/4 in. (12 x 13.6 x 0.7 cm)
Comparanda ListThe following Comparanda exist for this object:
- Steffen Kaufler, Die archaischen Kannen von Milet (Dissertation (online) Bochum: University of Bochum, 2004), Figure Number: plate 67, no. 1 and 11 plate 69, no. 16 and 17 .
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