Proto-Corinthian Pyxis (?) Lid FragmentGeometric-Archaic
725 BCE - 675 BCE
1 5/16 in. x 1 13/16 in. x 1/8 in. (3.28 cm x 4.66 cm x 0.37 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.777
Geography: Europe, Greece
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Pyxides
Pyxis (?) lid fragment. Interior less finished than exterior; unglazed interior. Exterior has concentric brown and orange thin bands. Lower rim preserved and painted.
This object has the following keywords:
bases*, Corinthian*, Geometric*, oinochoai*, Proto-Corinthian*, sherds*, stripes*, vase paintings*, vessels*
- bases - Elements at the bottoms of structures or objects upon which the upper parts rest or are supported; for large objects, bases are often relatively massive. For terminal elements upon which objects rest and that are small in relation to the body of the object, use "feet."
- Corinthian - Refers to a pottery style created in the city and region of Corinth in the Peloponnese in south-central Greece, and exported extensively in other parts of Greece, Italy, and Egypt, particularly in the second half of the seventh century BCE and the first half of the sixth century BCE. It is characterized by large vessels and bold decoration arranged in friezes covering most of the surface. Designs are in black-figure on a light terra-cotta background, with red, white, and incised additions. Motifs may have been inspired by Eastern textiles and typically include animals, monsters, or human figures, with ornaments such as dots, leaves, or rosettes scattered over the background.
- Geometric - Refers to a period, culture, and style that developed first in Attica, but was eventually found throughout Greece, in Italy, and in the Levant. It is generally held to have occurred from around 900 BCE to around 700 BCE, though some classification schemes omit the Protogeometric period and begin the Geometric period at 1100 BCE. In pottery it is characterized by dark-on-light decorations arranged in regularly spaced horizontal bands, and differs from Protogeometric style in that the designs are busier and the bands cover nearly the entire vessel. Designs include zigzags, triangles, meanders, swastikas, and distinctive stylized, angular human and animal figures. Similar designs and figural types were used in sculpture and other arts.
- oinochoai - Ancient Greek one-handled vessels used for ladling and pouring wine or water; made in a variety of jug- and pitcherlike forms.
- Proto-Corinthian - Refers to the Orientalizing phase of Greek art in Corinth, from about 720 to 620 BCE, which is roughly contemporary with the Proto-Attic phase in Athens. The Proto-Corinthian pottery style developed in Corinth in the eighth century BCE and lasted until around 640 BCE. It is characterized by vessels that are usually cups, jugs, or perfume pots, with decoration that is at first geometric and later includes animal and human figures, with occasional Eastern curvilinear ornamentation. The later examples are distinctive for the rounded contours and animation of the figures, painted in outline and silhouette, with added designs in incision and white color.
- sherds - Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- stripes - Long, narrow bands, typically of a different color.
- vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
- vessels - Containers designed to serve as receptacles for a liquid or other substance, usually those of circular section and made of some durable material; especially containers of this nature in domestic use, employed in connection with the preparation or serving of food or drink, and usually of a size suitable for carrying by hand.
- maximum length Dimensions: 1 5/16 x 1 13/16 x 1/8 in. (3.28 x 4.66 x 0.37 cm)
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