Etruscan Bucchero ChaliceArchaic
early 6th century BCE
3 1/4 x 5 1/4 x 5 1/4 in. (8.2 x 13.3 x 13.3 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.3126
Geography: Europe, Italy
Classification: Ceremonial and Performance Artifacts; Ritual Containers and Vessels
This object has the following keywords:
- Archaic - Refers to the pottery style found in Persia around 6000 BCE. The style is characterized by fine, plain buff pottery tempered with straw that is sometimes decorated with simple red or orange painted designs.
- Bucchero - Style of Etruscan pottery that resembles metalware, produced between the end of the 7th and the beginning of the 5th centuries BCE.
- chalices - Ecclesiastical drinking vessels for eucharistic wine having a stem, often with a central knop, and a foot; often made of precious metals and usually accompanied by a paten. Use "communion cups" when referring to similar but generally less ornate ecclesiastical drinking vessels used in the Protestant Church during or after the Reformation.
- Etruscan - Culture and style of artistic production in Etruria, now modern Tuscany and part of Umbria, between the 7th and 3rd centuries BCE. Known partly from elaborate tumuli, artworks include bronze mirrors and cists, wall paintings, and terracotta and bronze sculptures that are distinct from the Greek Archaic style in their lively sense of movement and delicate decoration. Developments in architecture include the construction of mud brick and wooden temples decorated with terracotta roof tiles and statues. In some classification schemes Etruscan culture includes the Villanovan culture, which was first evident on the Italian peninsula in the ninth century BCE.
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