- Ornamental sculptures placed on the front ends of canoes.
- Refers to works executed by cutting a figure or design out of a solid material such as stone or wood. It typically refers to works that are relatively small in size, are part of a larger work, or are not considered art. For large and medium-sized three-dimensional works of art, use the broader term "sculpture" or another appropriate term.
- The Massim style is a stylized, curvilinear and geometric low relief carving, which can be glazed with lime to develop a contrast against the dark wood or painted with colorful patterns. The three types of incised designed utilized in the Massim style are 'motifs,' 'fillers' that fill in the space around a motif, and 'dividers' that create spatial divisions in the piece. This style is used by the inhabitants of the Massim area in Papua New Guinea.
- Describes the culture and style of the inhabitants of the Melanesian Islands. Melanesians are well known for creating sculptures utilizing a vast range of media, their traditional communal architecture, and body arts.
- Cultures and styles of various regions in Oceania, comprising islands scattered throughout the Pacific Ocean (generally excluding Japan, Indonesia, and the Philippines), but including Australia.