Italo-Corinthian Aryballos (Oil Flask) with Painted BirdsArchaic
575 BCE - 525 BCE
2 15/16 x 2 13/16 x 2 13/16 in. (7.4 x 7.1 x 7.1 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.47
Geography: Europe, Italy
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Aryballoi
This object has the following keywords:
- Animalia - Kingdom containing multicellular organisms having cells bound by a plasma membrane and organized into tissue and specialized tissue systems that permit them to either move about in search of food or to draw food toward themselves. Unable to make their own food within themselves, as photosynthetic plants do, they rely on consuming preformed food. They possess a nervous system with sensory and motor nerves, enabling them to receive environmental stimuli and to respond with specialized movements.
- aryballoi - Relatively small ancient Greek vessels with a globular body, a short neck, a flat disk-shaped mouth with a small orifice, and a handle (or sometimes two) extending from the shoulder to the rim; used for holding oils, perfumes, and ointments. They are usually made of terracotta. Uses of the aryballoi included in funeral rituals and by athletes who wore them on their wrists, suspended by thongs or strings.
- Black-figure - Refers to a style of Greek vase painting that developed from the Geometric and Orientalizing styles. It appeared in Corinth around 720 BCE, flourished in Attica by 600 BCE, and was found in Sparta, eastern Greece, and elsewhere, until the Red-figure style gradually replaced it in the late sixth century BCE. The style is characterized by a particular technique, which is characterized by the use of a refined slip, a two-stage firing process, and sintering to create black figures in silhouette on a red ground. Details were incised into the black figures or applied in purple or white pigment.
- Corinthian - Refers to a pottery style created in the city and region of Corinth in the Peloponnese in south-central Greece, and exported extensively in other parts of Greece, Italy, and Egypt, particularly in the second half of the seventh century BCE and the first half of the sixth century BCE. It is characterized by large vessels and bold decoration arranged in friezes covering most of the surface. Designs are in black-figure on a light terra-cotta background, with red, white, and incised additions. Motifs may have been inspired by Eastern textiles and typically include animals, monsters, or human figures, with ornaments such as dots, leaves, or rosettes scattered over the background.
- Cygnus - Members of the genus containing several living species and at least 10 extinct species of large waterfowl characterized by long-necks, heavy-bodies, large feet, graceful swimming style, and flying with slow wingbeats and with necks outstretched. Many swans are white. Swans are revered in many religions and cultures, especially Hinduism. They are common symbols in art around the world.
- geese - General term referring to members of several species of large web-footed birds in different genera, especially the genera Anser and Branta, but also including a number of waterfowl of gooselike build that live in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and belong to other groups. Geese have in common that they are larger than ducks and smaller than swans; they differ from ducks in having longer necks and legs that are set more forward.
- incising - The process and technique of producing, forming, or tracing a pattern, text, or other usually linear motif by cutting, carving, or engraving.
- vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
Owner Name: Clarissa Compton Dryden, Class of 1932, MA 1935
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA
Acquisition Method: Inheritance
Disposal Method: Donation
Ownership Start Date: 1925
Ownership End Date: 1950's to 1980's
Remarks: A relative of archaeologist, Charles Densmore Curtis (1875-1925), Dryden presented the Ella Riegel Museum with items she inherited from his collection of Greek, Roman, and Etruscan artifacts throughout the 1950s-1980s
Owner Name: Charles Densmore Curtis (1875-1925)
Disposal Method: Bequest
Ownership Start Date: Likely ca. 1900
Ownership End Date: 1925
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
János György Szilágyi,
Ceramica Etrusco-Corinzia Figurata
Leo S. Olschki.
Florence, Italy, 1998
Page Number: 651, no. 86, Figure Number: Plate 247, d-f
This object is a member of the following portfolios:
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