Calumet Pipe Bowl
2 15/16 x 1 7/16 x 5 5/8 in. (7.5 x 3.7 x 14.3 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 70.E1.67.a
Other Number(s): 24263a (The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Number)
Geography: North and Central America, United States, Michigan, Mackinaw
Classification: Clothing and Adornments; Personal Gear; Smoking & Recreational Drug Equipment
Culture/Nationality: Ojibwa, Native American
Collection: William S. Vaux Collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
This object has the following keywords:
bowls*, calumets*, catlinite*, Native American*, North American*, northeast*, Ojibwa*, pipes*, stone*
- bowls - Rounded, cuplike, hollow parts of objects, such as the body of a stemmed vessel or the part of a pipe in which tobacco is burned.
- calumets - Long-stemmed, ornamented pipes used by Native North Americans on ceremonial occasions, especially as a token of peace or friendship.
- catlinite - A red indurated clay from the upper Missouri region historically used by Native Americans for tobacco pipes and other carvings.
- Native American - Typically reserved to refer narrowly to the cultures of the native peoples of the United States and Canada, excluding the Eskimos and Aleuts. For the indigenous peoples of Canada use the term "First Nations." For the broader concept of the cultures of any native peoples of Central America, South America, North America, or the West Indies who are considered to belong to the Mongoloid division of the human species, use "Amerindian (culture)."
- North American - Refers to the cultures of the continent of North America, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Arctic Circle, and Central America. In classifications schemes based on physical geography, Central America, and North America are parts of the same continent.
- northeast - The compass point lying midway between north and east.
- Ojibwa - Refers to the culture of the Ojibwa, Algonquian-speaking Indians who historically lived along the northern shore of Lake Huron and both shores of Lake Superior from what is now Minnesota to the Turtle Mountains of North Dakota, as well as from southern Saskatchewan to Quebec in Canada. Today, Ojibwa communities exist in several different tribes across the Great Lakes region in the United States and Canada.
- pipes - Devices consisting of a tube with a bowl at one end and a mouthpiece at the other; used for smoking tobacco, opium, and other substances.
- stone - General term for rock that has been cut, shaped, crushed, or otherwise formed for use in construction or other purposes. Includes the specific archaeological and anthropological sense of individual stones which may be decorated or ornamented and which may be used in ritual contexts. These are usually not carved or dressed, and so differ from sculptures made from stone.
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