J. J. Stewart
Figures with Cows beside a River and Village in the Distance
Watercolor on paper
5 1/8 in. x 6 7/8 in. (13.02 cm x 17.46 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: JNE.763
Classification: Fine and Visual Arts; Paintings; Watercolors and Gouaches
Collection: John N. Estabrook Collection
This object has the following keywords:
aquatint*, cows*, engravings*, etchings*, landscapes, lithographs*, rivers*, villages*, watercolors*
- aquatint - An intaglio etching technique in which a metal plate is sprinkled with a finely-powdered resin (asphaltum, rosin, etc.); the plate is heated to melt the resin, then cooled, and placed in an acid bath. The acid lightly etches areas not covered with the resin. The results in a plate with fine pockmarks. The process was invented in the 1760s by J.B. LePrince. Aquatints were popular until the late 1830s.
- cows - Adult females of cattle, bison, camel, dolphin, elephant, elk, giraffe, hippopotamus, moose, oxen, rhinoceros, seal, walrus, whale, and other animals.
- engravings - Prints on paper incorporating impressions of a reverse design created on a printing plate, usually copper, into which the design has been incised (engraved) using burins or gravers. Historically, "engravings" has sometimes been incorrectly used to refer to all prints, regardless of the specific technique. For prints made from designs engraved on a flat wooden block, use "wood cuts"; for prints made from a plate that is etched rather than engraved, use "etchings."
- etchings - Prints made from an etched printing plate, which is a metal plate on which a design is made by coating the plate with an acid-resistant substance, creating a design in the coating, and then exposing the plate to acid, which etches the plate where the metal is exposed. For designs incised directly into a copper plate using a burin or graver, use "engravings (prints)."
- lithographs - Prints made using the process of lithography, which is a planographic printing process in which a design is deposited on the stone or plate with a greasy substance which will accept ink.
- rivers - Bodies of water flowing in direct course or a series of divergents or converging channels.
- villages - Distinctions among villages, towns, and cities are relative and vary according to their individual regional contexts. Villages generally designate units of compact settlement, varying in size but usually larger than hamlets and smaller than towns and distinguished from the surrounding rural territory.
- watercolors - Refers to two-dimensional works of art, usually on a paper support, to which pigment suspended in water is applied with a brush to create an image or design. Includes paintings using gouache, which is not technically watercolor paint. Watercolors are variously classified as drawings or paintings in collections.
- Sheet Dimensions: 5 1/8 x 6 7/8 in. (13.018 x 17.463 cm)
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