Dutch (1659 - 1660 - 1718) Primary
Dutch (1937 - 2015) Engraver
Old Ream Wrapper, Blackca. 1969
11.25 x 9.375 in. (28.575 x 23.813 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2019.4.65
Geography: Europe, Netherlands
Classification: Fine and Visual Arts; Prints; Engravings
This object has the following keywords:
- Equus caballus - Hooved animal. Original populations of Equus caballus were once found in the steppe zone from Poland to Mongolia. Now domesticated, horses occur throughout the world and in feral populations in some areas. Three of the several early breeds of horse - Przewalski's horse from central Asia, the tarpan from eastern Europe and the Ukrainian steppes, and the forest horse of northern Europe - are generally thought to have been the ancestral stock of modern domestic horses. According to this line of thinking, Przewalski's horse and the tarpan formed the basic breeding stock from which the southerly 'warm-blooded' horses developed, while the forest horse gave rise to the heavy, 'cold-blooded' breeds. All modern breeds are divided as light, fast, spirited breeds typified by the modern Arabian, heavier, slower, and calmer working breeds typified by the Belgian, and intermediate breeds typified by the Thoroughbred. They are also classified according to where they originated (e.g., Percheron, Clydesdale, and Arabian), by the principal use of the horse (riding, draft, coach horse), and by their outward appearance and size (light, heavy, pony).
- etching - Intaglio process in which the design is worked into an acid-resistant substance coating the metal printing plate; the plate is then exposed to acid, which etches the plate where the metal is exposed, to create lines and dark areas. For the single step of exposing the plate to acid, use "biting."
- Netherlandish - Refers in general to cultures that have occupied the same area as the modern nation of the Netherlands in northwestern Europe along the North Sea, as well as the territory extending through medieval Flanders, which is the area of modern Belgium and part of France. For the culture of the modern nation of the Netherlands, prefer "Dutch (culture)," although usage overlaps.
- paper - Refers generally to all types of thin matted or felted sheets or webs of fiber formed and dried on a fine screen from a pulpy water suspension. The fibers may be animal, such as hair, silk or wool, or mineral, such as asbestos, or synthetic. However most paper is made from cellulosic plant fiber, such as from wood pulp, grass, cotton, linen, and straw.
- windmills - Buildings or devices with sails or vanes that turn in the wind and generate power. The devices operate by means of a rotating shaft on which sails are mounted or placed at an angle so that the force of wind against them causes rotation, which in turn produced energy. Windmills were historically used chiefly in flat districts for operating a mill to grind grain or pump water; the older and most characteristic European form consists of a conical mill-house with a dome or cap supporting four sails. Modern devices tap the wind to produce electricity by using a disk of sails mounted on a framework.
- wrappers - In bibliographic description, attached paper covers of books or pamphlets; originally temporary covers intended to be replaced by permanent bindings.
- wrapping paper - Typically refers to strong paper usually made from mixed pulps that is used for packing or wrapping parcels.
- Plate Dimensions: 11.25 x 9.375 in. (28.575 x 23.813 cm)
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