Sébah & Joaillier
Turkish (1888 - 1952) Primary
Interior of Haghia Sophia1900
10 1/8 in. x 8 1/8 in. (25.72 cm x 20.64 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2010.30.518
Geography: Europe or Asia, Turkey, Istanbul (Constantinople)
Classification: Fine and Visual Arts; Photographs
This object has the following keywords:
albumen prints*, Byzantine*, churches*, galleries*, interior*, mihrabs*, minbars*, mosques*, Turkish*
- albumen prints - Photographic prints having albumen as the binder; always black-and-white, though they may be toned to a monochrome hue.
- Byzantine - Culture, style, and period of the Christian states of the eastern Mediterranean during the rule of the Byzantine Empire (330 - 1453 CE). Byzantine art and culture was carried throughout much of the Christian world, and lasted into the 16th century in eastern Europe. The style is characterized by imperial and religious subject matter, and a movement away from the original Greek naturalistic forms to favor ritualistic stylization, intended to suggest the spiritual. For the culture and style of the Italian and western Mediterranean Christian world roughly from the third to the mid-ninth century CE, use "Early Christian."
- churches - Buildings for public Christian worship that are distinguished historically from chapels and oratories, which are buildings that are in some respect private, or not public in the widest sense. Church architecture generally somewhat follows standard models, which vary depending upon the date, location, and characteristics of the congregation.
- galleries - Substantial interior spaces at the level of an upper story that overlook the level below and usually extend the full length or width of a room. For railed platforms projecting from the exterior walls of buildings or small, similar interior features, use "balconies." For floor levels in a church above the aisles and open to the nave, use "tribunes (stories)" or "triforiums."
- interior - Existing or situated within the limiting surface or boundary of something. An example is the portion of a building within the walls and under the roof, as opposed to those parts in contact with the outdoors.
- mihrabs - Niches, chambers, or slabs in mosques, indicating the direction of Mecca.
- minbars - Pulpits in mosques, having a small stand for the speaker, parapet, canopy, narrow stairs, and usually a gate at the foot of the stairs.
- mosques - Muslim places of worship. Public mosques consist of an area reserved for communal prayers, frequently in a domed building with a minaret, and with a niche (mihrab) or other structure indicating the direction of Mecca. There may also be a platform for preaching (minbar), and an adjacent courtyard in which water is provided for the obligatory ablutions before prayer. Since representations of the human form are forbidden, decoration is geometric or based on Arabic calligraphy.
- Turkish - Refers to the culture and styles of the Turks, who comprise various ethnic groups that historically lived a nomadic life on the vast Eurasian steppe and spoke Turkic languages, or Turkey, which is a nation in Asia Minor and southeastern Europe, having coastlines on the Aegean, Black, and Mediterranean seas.
- Image Dimensions: 10 1/8 x 8 1/8 in. (25.718 x 20.638 cm)
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