Textile Fragment with Brocade Frog DesignLate Intermediate Period-Late Horizon
1000 - 1534
Camelid and cotton fibers
19 11/16 x 12 5/8 x 1/8 in. (50 x 32 x 0.3 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2000.3.247.b
Geography: South America, Peru, Andes (North Coast)
Classification: Unclassifiable Artifacts; Artifact Remnants; Cloth Fragments
Culture/Nationality: Provincial Inca
Collection: Ward M. Canaday Collection
This object has the following keywords:
brocading*, frogs*, geometric patterns, Inca*, Late Horizon*, Late Intermediate Period*, lozenges*, Peruvian*, repeated motif*, selvage*, tabby*, textiles*
- brocading - Weft patterning technique of weaving raised patterns on a woven textile. For the process of stitching decorative designs into cloth, leather, or paper by hand or machine, use "embroidering."
- frogs - General term for any member of the order Anura that is smooth-skinned, semi-aquatic, and leaping, as distinguished from more terrestrial, squat, warty, hopping anurans, which are called "toads." There is no taxonomic distinction between frogs and toads.
- geometric patterns
- Inca - Pre-Columbian culture of the Central Andean area of South America; the early Inca people are recognizable in the archaeological record of the Late Intermediate Period (ca. 1000-1476 CE), from the 12th century onwards. The Inca established their capital at Cuzco (Peru) in the 12th century. They began their conquests in the early 15th century and within 100 years had gained control of an Andean population of about 12,000,000 people. The The Inca empire flourished in the 15th century and early 16th century. At the time of the Spanish conquest in 1532, the Inca ruled an empire that extended along the Pacific coast and Andean highlands from the northern border of modern Ecuador to the Maule River in central Chile. Inca ceramics are readily recognizable from their forms and decoration; bronze metal tools and weapons were widespread, and there was a distinctive Inca architecture at various locations throughout the empire. For the culture and artifacts dating to the empire during the period 1476-1534 CE, use "Late Horizon."
- Late Horizon - The seventh of the seven main chronological phases recognized in Andean archaeology, generally dating 1476-1534 CE, during which the Inca established an empire controlled from Cuzco, which eventually reached from central Chile to southern Colombia. The period ends in 1534, the year marking the fall of the Inca empire after the Spanish conquest.
- Late Intermediate Period - The sixth of the seven main chronological phases recognized in Andean archaeology, generally dating ca. 1000-1450 CE, following the collapse of Middle Horizon empires, including Tiahuanaco and Huari. During this time distinctive regional cultures emerged along the coast and in highland areas, including the Chimú empire. The political entities that developed during the late Intermediate Period were subsequently conquered by the Inca empire.
- lozenges - Figures that are squares or rhombuses rotated to have their corners on the horizontal and vertical axes. Common as an isolated motif, in a diaper pattern, or in a running series.
- Peruvian - Of or belonging to the nation of Peru or its people.
- repeated motif - The artistic device of repeating of a pattern, motif, or image multiple times in a composition of a single work, or in a series of works. May apply to the visual arts, as well as to music and literature. Examples in the visual arts include textile patterns and Buddhist printed scrolls.
- selvage - The longitudinal edge of a piece of textile closed by weft loops, often distinguished by warp ends differing from those in the body of the textile and sometimes by a change in the binding.
- tabby - A process of weaving in which each weft thread always passes alternately over then under every successive warp thread. Both sides of such weaving are structurally identical.
- textiles - General term for carpets, fabrics, costume, or other works made of textile materials, which are natural or synthetic fibers created by weaving, felting, knotting, twining, or otherwise processing. For works of art or high craft that employ textile as a medium, prefer "textile art (visual works)."
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
- "Museum of Fine Arts Boston: Online Collections." (Accessed July 1, 2020): collections.mfa.org. Accession No.: 24.312.
- Rebecca Stone-Miller, To Weave for the Sun: Andean Textiles in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (New York, NY: Thames & Hudson, 1994), 228. Figure Number: 137
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