Chimú Textile FragmentLate Intermediate Period-Late Horizon
1000 - 1534
19 3/4 x 14 7/8 x 1/16 in. (50.2 x 37.8 x 0.2 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: 2000.3.294.a
Geography: South America, Peru, Andes (North Coast)
Classification: Unclassifiable Artifacts; Artifact Remnants; Cloth Fragments
Collection: Ward M. Canaday Collection
This object has the following keywords:
- Late Horizon - The seventh of the seven main chronological phases recognized in Andean archaeology, generally dating 1476-1534 CE, during which the Inca established an empire controlled from Cuzco, which eventually reached from central Chile to southern Colombia. The period ends in 1534, the year marking the fall of the Inca empire after the Spanish conquest.
- Late Intermediate Period - The sixth of the seven main chronological phases recognized in Andean archaeology, generally dating ca. 1000-1450 CE, following the collapse of Middle Horizon empires, including Tiahuanaco and Huari. During this time distinctive regional cultures emerged along the coast and in highland areas, including the Chimú empire. The political entities that developed during the late Intermediate Period were subsequently conquered by the Inca empire.
- Peruvian - Of or belonging to the nation of Peru or its people.
- selvage - The longitudinal edge of a piece of textile closed by weft loops, often distinguished by warp ends differing from those in the body of the textile and sometimes by a change in the binding.
- textiles - General term for carpets, fabrics, costume, or other works made of textile materials, which are natural or synthetic fibers created by weaving, felting, knotting, twining, or otherwise processing. For works of art or high craft that employ textile as a medium, prefer "textile art (visual works)."
- twill - Refers to a woven textile characterized by parallel diagonal ridges or ribs, produced by passing the weft threads over one and under two or more threads of the warp, instead of over and under in regular succession, as in plain weaving. Regular twill features a diagonal line that is repeated regularly, usually running from the left to right at a 45-degree angle and upward. The weave may be varied in several ways, including changing the angle or direction of the twill line, as exemplified in herringbone twill.
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