- Refers to the style in decorative arts, interior design, architecture, and dress which spread from France to other parts of Europe and the United States during and following the period of Napoleon's French Empire from 1804 to 1814. As in the preceeding Directoire and Consulat periods, the style is characterized by heavy Neoclassical forms and the lavish use of drapery. However, it is distinguished by the use of Napoleanic motifs identified both with the Emperor's power and personal taste, such as the bee, the letter N, eagles, wreaths, and the swan of Empress Josephine.
- Term generally applied to a wide range of chairs without arms to distinguish them from armchairs.
- Refers to the fixed soft coverings for furniture, especially seating and reclining furniture. Originally referred to all the textile components of a room supplied by upholsterers, including wall hangings, bed hangings, window curtains, and table coverings.
- The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.
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