Imperial Antoninianus of Tarsus (?) Issued by Gallienus253-268
7/8 in. (diameter) x 1/16 in. (2.3 cm x 0.1 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
This object has the following keywords:
- antoniniani - Designates Roman coins of the 3rd century CE distinguished by a radiate crown on the depiction of the emperor; originally of silver and probably a double denarius, later debased.
- Imperial - Refers to the period in history and the style of art that developed when the Roman Republic ceased to exist and Rome expanded its territory and was ruled by emperors. The period is generally considered to begin with Octavian's victory at the Battle of Actium in 31 BCE, and to last through the rule of the Severans. For later emperors, see "Late Antique." For the period and culture of the Holy Roman Empire, use "Holy Roman Imperial." Note that some classifications include the Tetrarchic, Constantinian, and the Holy Roman Empire in the "Roman Empire."
- sacrifices - The offering of an animal, plant, or human life or of some material possession to a divinity or personage of great religious significance in order to establish, maintain, or restore a right relationship of a human being or community to the sacred order, such as through propitiation or homage.
- silver - Pure metallic element having symbol Ag and atomic number 47; a malleable, ductile, white metal with characteristic sheen, considered a precious metal. Silver is widely distributed throughout the world, occurring rarely as metallic silver (in Peru, Norway) but more often as silver-gold alloys and silver ore. Today silver is obtained as a byproduct in the refinement of gold, lead, copper, or zinc ores. Silver was smelted from the ore galena as early as 3800 BCE. As a pure metal, silver is second to gold in malleability and ductility, can be polished to a highly reflective surface, and used -- typically in an alloy -- in jewelry, coinage, photography, mirrors, electrical contacts, and tableware.
- tripods - Refers generally to three-legged supports of any kind. The word may be applied variously to objects such as stools, tables, light stands, stands for cameras, or pedestals. Ancient, antique, or classical forms are associated with religious or symbolic altars, or sacrificial vessels. The seat of the Delphic oracle was in the form of a tripod.
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
- Hetty Goldman, "Excavations at Gozlu Kule, Tarsus: Volume III, Text," (1963): 79.
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