- Refers to a pottery style that developed in Apulia in the fifth and fourth centuries BCE and was manifest in plain and ornate versions. The plain version is usually characterized by smaller vases with simpler decorative compositions, fewer figures depicted, and themes that are Dionysiac, genre scenes, or simple female heads. In the ornate version, the vases are larger, more colors are used, and designs are more ornate, including floral and geometric patterns, and mythological and funerary subjects.
- Refers to an ancient Greek style and period that begins around 480 BCE, when the Greek city-states defeated the Persian invaders, and ends around 323 BCE, with the death of Alexander the Great. It is characterized by the rebuilding of cities after the Persian wars, the flourishing of philosophy, drama, architecture, sculpture, painting, and the other arts. In the visual arts, it is known for the mastery of the human form and sophistication of architectural design.
- Refers to a style of Greek vase painting that developed from the Black-figure style. It appeared in Athens around 530 BCE and spread to other areas of Greece, southern Italy, Etruria, and elsewhere in the Mediterranean area, until it disappeared in the third century BCE. The style is characterized by a particular technique, which involves the use of refined slip and a two-phase firing process to create a black ground through sintering, with figures reserved in red. The details of the figures are more fluid than in the Black-figure style, and are typically drawn with a brush, using both a defined, black relief line and a more dilute line that varies in color from dark gold to black.
Satyrs and Maenads
- Maenads are human female followers of Dionysus (sometimes called Nymphai) - Note added June 2010 by M. Weldon.
- Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
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The following Bibliography exist for this object:
Arthur Dale Trendall
and Alexander Cambitoglou.
The Red-Figured Vases of Apulia
Oxford, United Kingdom, 1978
Page Number: 419,
Figure Number: 33
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