South Ionian Wild Goat Style Oinochoe (Wine Jug) FragmentArchaic
610 BCE - 580 BCE
6 1/8 in. x 7 11/16 in. x 3/16 in. (15.5 cm x 19.5 cm x 0.5 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.834
Geography: Asia or Europe, Greece or Turkey, Possibly Miletus
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Oinochoai
Culture/Nationality: South Ionian/East Greek
Findspot: Possibly Naukratis
This object has the following keywords:
Animalia*, East Greek, Ionian*, lotus*, oinochoai*, rosette*, sherds*, vase paintings*, vessels*, Wild Goat Style*
- Animalia - Kingdom containing multicellular organisms having cells bound by a plasma membrane and organized into tissue and specialized tissue systems that permit them to either move about in search of food or to draw food toward themselves. Unable to make their own food within themselves, as photosynthetic plants do, they rely on consuming preformed food. They possess a nervous system with sensory and motor nerves, enabling them to receive environmental stimuli and to respond with specialized movements.
- East Greek
- Ionian - Distinctive pottery painting styles produced in ancient Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey.
- lotus - Either of two motifs that are both based on types of waterlily, one originating in ancient Egypt and the other in India. Within Egyptian lotus motifs, two varieties occur from the beginning of the Dynastic period ca. 3000 BCE: If the flower-head has a curved outline, it is based on the white-flowered species Nymphaea lotus, while if the flower has a triangular outline, it is based on the blue-flowered species, Nymphaea caerulea. The Egyptian motif continued in Greek, Roman, and later European art. For the Indian lotus specifically, based on the species Nelumbo nucifera, use the narrower term "padma."
- oinochoai - Ancient Greek one-handled vessels used for ladling and pouring wine or water; made in a variety of jug- and pitcherlike forms.
- rosette - Motif in the form of a stylized rose with petals radiating from the center, or for similar circular ornaments having a design radiating from the center.
- sherds - Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
- vessels - Containers designed to serve as receptacles for a liquid or other substance, usually those of circular section and made of some durable material; especially containers of this nature in domestic use, employed in connection with the preparation or serving of food or drink, and usually of a size suitable for carrying by hand.
- Wild Goat Style - Refers to a Greek pottery style that began in Eastern Greece and flourished from about 650 to 550 BCE. It grew out of Sub-Geometric and Orientalizing styles, and is characterized by a loose painting style using dark paint on a light colored slip, enlivened with purple details, and with faces and anatomical details reserved in light. The subject matter often includes animals, especially goats, deer, geese, and griffins.
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