Corinthian Pyxis (Box) Base FragmentArchaic
ca. 600 BCE-575 BCE
13/16 x 1 1/8 x 3/16 in. (2 x 2.8 x 0.5 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
This object has the following keywords:
- bases - Elements at the bottoms of structures or objects upon which the upper parts rest or are supported; for large objects, bases are often relatively massive. For terminal elements upon which objects rest and that are small in relation to the body of the object, use "feet."
- Black-figure - Refers to a style of Greek vase painting that developed from the Geometric and Orientalizing styles. It appeared in Corinth around 720 BCE, flourished in Attica by 600 BCE, and was found in Sparta, eastern Greece, and elsewhere, until the Red-figure style gradually replaced it in the late sixth century BCE. The style is characterized by a particular technique, which is characterized by the use of a refined slip, a two-stage firing process, and sintering to create black figures in silhouette on a red ground. Details were incised into the black figures or applied in purple or white pigment.
- Corinthian - Refers to a pottery style created in the city and region of Corinth in the Peloponnese in south-central Greece, and exported extensively in other parts of Greece, Italy, and Egypt, particularly in the second half of the seventh century BCE and the first half of the sixth century BCE. It is characterized by large vessels and bold decoration arranged in friezes covering most of the surface. Designs are in black-figure on a light terra-cotta background, with red, white, and incised additions. Motifs may have been inspired by Eastern textiles and typically include animals, monsters, or human figures, with ornaments such as dots, leaves, or rosettes scattered over the background.
- incising - The process and technique of producing, forming, or tracing a pattern, text, or other usually linear motif by cutting, carving, or engraving.
- Middle Corinthian - Refers to an intermediate phase of Corinthian pottery style, dating from around 600 BCE to around 575 BCE. It is characterized by apparent mass production of pots, using painted designs with a smaller repertory of clumsier animals than in the preceding phase, new animal poses, less crowded designs between figures, and the use of dots to echo the contours of the animals.
- pyxides - Relatively small, squat lidded boxlike vessels for holding cosmetics and toilet articles in ancient Greece. Generally cylindrical in shape. Often found in the graves of women and warriors.
- vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
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