Attic Black-Gloss Pyxis (Box)Classical
Second quarter of 5th century BCE
4 1/8 x 4 1/2 x 4 1/2 in. (10.5 x 11.5 x 11.4 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.2147
Geography: Europe, Greece
Classification: Clothing and Adornments; Toilet Articles
This object has the following keywords:
- Attic - Style and culture of the region of Attica. For culture particular to the capital of Attica, Athens, use "Athenian."
- black - UCL (Universal Color Language) standard color name identifying a range of blackish colors. More specifically, black is an achromatic color of maximum darkness, referring to objects having little or no hue owing to the absorption of almost all light in the visible spectrum. In the context of pigments, black is theoretically the mixture of all colors. In the context of colors of light, black is the absence of light.
- ceramic glaze - Thin, opaque, vitreous coating that is applied to the surface of a ceramic body by painting, spraying, or dipping, in order to add color, texture, or water resistance to the object. The glaze is applied to the surface of a fired ceramic piece, and then the piece is refired at a temperature that vitrifies the glaze, but is lower than the original firing temperature. Ceramic glazes are usually mixtures of silicates, colorants, and flux.
- Classical - Refers to an ancient Greek style and period that begins around 480 BCE, when the Greek city-states defeated the Persian invaders, and ends around 323 BCE, with the death of Alexander the Great. It is characterized by the rebuilding of cities after the Persian wars, the flourishing of philosophy, drama, architecture, sculpture, painting, and the other arts. In the visual arts, it is known for the mastery of the human form and sophistication of architectural design.
- engobe - Slip glaze applied over a clay body to provide a smooth surface for further glazing or decoration, usually by dipping or brushing; contains color oxides as well as clay, feldspar, and silica.
- pyxides - Relatively small, squat lidded boxlike vessels for holding cosmetics and toilet articles in ancient Greece. Generally cylindrical in shape. Often found in the graves of women and warriors.
- slip - Fine clay which, when mixed with water, results in a fluid with a creamlike consistency, used in casting, glazing, decorating, and repairing ceramic wares; in its natural state, it contains sufficient flux to be used for glazing and decorating without the need of additives. For ceramic glaze with a high content of slip, use "slip glaze."
- Ancient Greece: Life and Art The Newark Museum , Feb 2, 1980 – Mar 16, 1980
- Aspects of Ancient Greece Allentown Art Museum , Sep 16, 1979 – Dec 30, 1979
Owner Name: Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway, PhD 1958, Professor of Archaeology
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA
Acquisition Method: Received as gift
Disposal Method: Donation
Ownership Start Date: 1955 or 1956
Ownership End Date: 1973
Owner Name: Claireve Grandjouan, AB 1950, PhD 1955
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA
Acquisition Method: Purchased in Athens Greece
Disposal Method: Gift
Ownership Start Date: Unknown
Ownership End Date: 1955 or 1956
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway, PhD
and Gloria Ferrari Pinney.
Aspects of Ancient Greece.
Allentown Art Museum.
Allentown, PA, 1979
Page Number: 90-91, Figure Number: 42
Ancient Greece: Life and Art
The Newark Museum.
Newark, New Jersey, 1980
Page Number: 4, Figure Number: 77
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