Wider circle of
Greek (active ca. 550 BCE - 510 BCE) Primary
Attic Red-Figure Kylix (Drinking Cup) Fragment with WarriorLate Archaic
Around 500 BCE
3 3/8 x 3 15/16 x 3 1/2 in. (8.6 x 10 x 8.9 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.187
Other Number(s): 22 (Joseph Clark Hoppin's "Warren" Purchase List Number)
Geography: Europe, Greece, Attica
Classification: Containers and Vessels; Vessels; Kylikes
A hoplite, inscribed no pais [kalo], kneels in ambush, spear ready by his side. This image illustrates well the protection afforded by a hoplite's large circular shield, crested bronze helmet, and greaves covering the shins.
This object has the following keywords:
Attic*, cups*, inscriptions*, kalos inscriptions*, kylikes*, kylikes type C*, Red-figure*, sherds*, tondi*, vase paintings*
- Attic - Style and culture of the region of Attica. For culture particular to the capital of Attica, Athens, use "Athenian."
- cups - Open bowl-shaped vessels, used chiefly for drinking, often having one handle, but sometimes two handles or none, generally on a low foot-ring; also includes similar bowl-shaped vessels, generally without handles, resting on a stem and supported by a spreading foot. Occasionally made with a lid.
- inscriptions - Words, texts, lettering, or symbols marked on a work, including texts, legends, documentation notes, or commemoration. For standardized symbols or notations on objects that convey official information, use "marks (symbols)."
- kalos inscriptions - Ancient Greek vase inscriptions that take the form of "so-and-so [is] kalos," kalos meaning handsome or beautiful, with an erotic connotation. Some such inscriptions are found on walls as well. The inscriptions are thought to indicate male homosexual love or a cult of celebrity, associated with pederastic courtships that were customary in ancient Greece; they probably reflect the emotions of the patron of the vessel rather than those of the vase painter. The names are usually those of teenage artistocratic Athenians. Those that can be associated with known historical figures have played a significant role in establishing the chronology of Attic vase painting, for they were presumably written when the named person was young. Kale inscriptions for women also exist but they are outnumbered by kalos inscriptions more than twenty to one; the women who are praised in these inscriptions were probably courtesans. The majority of kalos inscriptions are on vases produced between 550 and 450 BCE.
- kylikes - Ancient Greek drinking vessels in the form of a broad, shallow bowl set on a high foot or pedestal with two upcurving handles.
- kylikes type C - A type of kylix resembling type B in its general proportions but with a discontinuous contour. The lip is often offset from the bowl and there is a fillet (raised ring of clay) between the stem and foot.
- Red-figure - Refers to a style of Greek vase painting that developed from the Black-figure style. It appeared in Athens around 530 BCE and spread to other areas of Greece, southern Italy, Etruria, and elsewhere in the Mediterranean area, until it disappeared in the third century BCE. The style is characterized by a particular technique, which involves the use of refined slip and a two-phase firing process to create a black ground through sintering, with figures reserved in red. The details of the figures are more fluid than in the Black-figure style, and are typically drawn with a brush, using both a defined, black relief line and a more dilute line that varies in color from dark gold to black.
- sherds - Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- tondi - Circular paintings. For circular two-dimensional motifs, use "medallions (ornament areas)"; use "roundels" for circular panels in architectural contexts.
- vase paintings - Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
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This object was included in the following exhibitions:
- Ancient Life on Greek Pottery Bryn Mawr College , Mar 30, 2015 – Jun 1, 2015
Owner Name: Joseph Clark Hoppin
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, US
Acquisition Method: Purchased from Edward Perry Warren
Disposal Method: Donated to Bryn Mawr College
Ownership Start Date: 1901
Ownership End Date: 1901
Owner Name: Edward Perry Warren
Role: Buyer, Collector, Seller
Place: Lewes House, England
Acquisition Method: unknown
Disposal Method: Sold to Joseph Clark Hoppin
Ownership Start Date: 1901 or before
Ownership End Date: 1901
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
- Rudolf Wachter, "Attic Vase Inscriptions." (Accessed April 1, 2020): https://avi.unibas.ch/. Record No.: 2974.
Ann Harnwell Ashmead
and Kyle M. Phillips.
Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, United States, Fascicule 13.
Princeton University Press.
Princeton, NJ, 1971
Page Number: 8-9, Figure Number: Plate 6, 1-2
- Mary Hamilton Swindler, "The Bryn Mawr Collection of Greek Vases," American Journal of Archaeology 20, no. 3 (1916): 321, IX.
- The Classical Art Research Centre, "The Beazley Archive Online." Classical Art Research Centre. (Accessed April 1, 2020): University of Oxford, http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/index.htm. Record No.: 1739.
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
- Fernande Hölscher, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Deutschland, Fascicule 46 (Munich, Germany: C. H. Beck’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1980), 10-12. Figure Number: 2. Plates (2204-2205) 3.1-2, 4.1-2
- The Classical Art Research Centre, "The Beazley Archive Online." Classical Art Research Centre. (Accessed April 1, 2020): University of Oxford, http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/index.htm. 275944.
- Levi di Dora, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Italia, Fascicule 4 (Milan, Italy: Bestetti, 1938), III.I.6. . Figure Number: Plate (1695) 123.4
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