Arrentine Terra Sigillata Stopper or Game CounterCaligulan-Claudian
3/4 x 3/4 x 3/16 in. (1.9 x 1.9 x 0.5 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: P.2099
Geography: Europe, Italy
Collection: C. Densmore Curtis Collection
This object has the following keywords:
- graffiti art - A broad genre of visual communication placed on surfaces, usually in urban environments; term reserved for works that are considered art or artistic, rather than casual notations or scribbles, which are called "graffiti." Examples of graffiti art include works expressed in a signature form, in either a stylized monogram or as large colorful murals. Examples may include works that are not in graphic media or are not created directly on the surface, but created and then applied to the surface. Graffiti art has occasionally been created as paintings on moveable supports. Contemporary graffiti art emerged in the mid-1970s in New York City, rendered in spray paint on subway train cars and walls. Originally graffiti art was illegal, applied to unauthorized public space or property by individuals or groups, though now it may also appear as commissioned work.
- Roman - Refers broadly to the period, styles, and culture of the state centered on the city of Rome from the period from the founding of the city ca. 700 BCE through the events leading to the founding of the republic in 509 BCE, the establishment of the empire in 27 BCE, and the final eclipse of the Empire of the West in the 5th century CE. Ancient Rome became a powerful force and supplanted Greek and Etruscan influence on the Apennine peninsula. Its rule and influence gradually encompassed a wide area in Europe, northern Africa, the Middle East, and Asia Minor. Its influence was wide in scope, including sculpture, painting, architecture, engineering, language, the road system, law, and many other areas of culture. Roman art and architecture is characterized by early derivations from Greek art and architecture, but it gradually developed into a style of its own, absorbing characteristics of styles from the far flung regions under its control.
- rosette - Motif in the form of a stylized rose with petals radiating from the center, or for similar circular ornaments having a design radiating from the center.
- sherds - Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- Terra sigillata - Refers a style used in fine pottery of Italy, Gaul, and Germany, and throughout the Roman Empire from the first century BCE to the third century CE. It developed from the traditions of ancient Greek pottery in the use of calcitic clays rich in iron compounds to produce a glossy surface, but it differs from Greek pottery in employing a single-phase firing in an open kiln. It is characterized by its red color, smooth finish, and sometimes by decorations of stamped figures or patterns. The term was coined in the ninteenth century, and historically there has been disagreement regarding to which pottery it applies, stemming from various interpretations of the term as either "stamped earth," with reference to the stamped designs, or "sealed earth" with reference to an astringent, fatty, medicinal bole called "terra sigillata," from the island of Lemnos, that was thought to be the clay from which the pottery was made. Further confusion has surrounded the relationship of this term and "Samian ware" or "Samian."
- vessels - Containers designed to serve as receptacles for a liquid or other substance, usually those of circular section and made of some durable material; especially containers of this nature in domestic use, employed in connection with the preparation or serving of food or drink, and usually of a size suitable for carrying by hand.
Owner Name: Clarissa Compton Dryden, Class of 1932, MA 1935
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA
Acquisition Method: Inherited
Ownership Start Date: 1925
Ownership End Date: 1936-1937
Remarks: A relative of archaeologist, Charles Densmore Curtis (1875-1925), Dryden presented the Ella Riegel Museum with items she inherited from his collection of Greek, Roman, and Etruscan artifacts throughout the 1950s-1980s
Owner Name: Charles Densmore Curtis (1875-1925)
Ownership Start Date: Likely ca. 1900 or later
Ownership End Date: 1925
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