- Refers to the styles and culture that developed in antiquity in the Nile Valley in the area of modern-day Egypt and southwards. For the cultures and styles of the modern nation of Egypt, use "Egypt (modern)."
- Ancient objects made from a composite material consisting of a body of sintered quartz coupled with an alkaline glaze surface. Faience was used for decorating beads, amulets, figurines, and other small objects. Invented in Mesopotamia or Iran ca. 4500 BCE, the production of faience continued until the mid-7th century CE. It is distinguished from later European earthenware, which is known by the same name.
- Styles and cultures of the African peoples living in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Mauritania.
- Small ancient Egyptian figures of stone, wood, or clay that were placed in tombs, often in large numbers, for the purpose of serving the deceased in the afterlife. The term is derived from ancient Egyptian and is usually translated as "answerer." During the New Kingdom (1539-1075 BCE) the figures were made to resemble the tomb owner by being fashioned in the form of a mummy bearing the owner's name.
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