Medieval Bronze Coin of CiciliaMedieval
15/16 in. x 15/16 in. x 1/16 in. (2.38 cm x 2.42 cm x 0.2 cm)
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: C.948
Geography: Asia, Armenia
Classification: Exchange Media; Coins
Collection: Lien Collection
Findspot: Gözlükule, Tarsus, Turkey
This object has the following keywords:
- bronze - Refers to a broad range of alloys of copper, specifically any non-ferrous alloy of copper, tin, and zinc or other trace metals. Bronze was made before 3,000 BCE -- possibly as early as 10,000 BCE, although its common use in tools and decorative items is dated only in later artifacts. The proportions of copper and tin vary widely, from 70 to 95 percent copper in surviving ancient artifacts. Because of the copper base, bronze may be very malleable and easy to work. By the Middle Ages in Europe, it was recognized that using the metals in certain proportions could yield specific properties. Some modern bronzes contain no tin at all, substituting other metals such as aluminum, manganese, and even zinc. Historically, the term was used interchangeably with "latten." U.S. standard bronze is composed of 90% copper, 7% tin and 3% zinc. Ancient bronze alloys sometimes contained up to 14% tin.
- coins - Pieces of metal stamped by government authority for use as money.
- Greek crosses - Crosses with vertical and horizontal arms of equal length.
- Medieval - Refers to the period beginning in the Christianized Roman Empire in the fifth century and lasting until the Renaissance, which began in the 13th to the 15th century CE, depending upon which country is being discussed. The variety of styles that developed during the Medieval period are generally characterized by an evolution of the Greco-Roman tradition to incorporate Christian themes, the energetic spirit of the Celtic and Germanic peoples, and the thriving new towns populated by free men.
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