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Image of Byzantine Bronze Coin of Cyzicus Issued by Constans

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Bookmark: http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/160067





Byzantine Bronze Coin of Cyzicus Issued by Constans

337-339
Bronze

11/16 in. (diameter) x 1/16 in. (1.8 cm x 0.1 cm)

Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: C.1777
Geography: Asia, Turkey, Balıkesir, Belkis (Cyzicus)
Classification: Exchange Media; Coins
Culture/Nationality: Byzantine
Collection: C. Densmore Curtis Collection

Keywords Click a term to view the records with the same keyword
This object has the following keywords:
  • Animalia - Kingdom containing multicellular organisms having cells bound by a plasma membrane and organized into tissue and specialized tissue systems that permit them to either move about in search of food or to draw food toward themselves. Unable to make their own food within themselves, as photosynthetic plants do, they rely on consuming preformed food. They possess a nervous system with sensory and motor nerves, enabling them to receive environmental stimuli and to respond with specialized movements.
  • bronze - Refers to a broad range of alloys of copper, specifically any non-ferrous alloy of copper, tin, and zinc or other trace metals. Bronze was made before 3,000 BCE -- possibly as early as 10,000 BCE, although its common use in tools and decorative items is dated only in later artifacts. The proportions of copper and tin vary widely, from 70 to 95 percent copper in surviving ancient artifacts. Because of the copper base, bronze may be very malleable and easy to work. By the Middle Ages in Europe, it was recognized that using the metals in certain proportions could yield specific properties. Some modern bronzes contain no tin at all, substituting other metals such as aluminum, manganese, and even zinc. Historically, the term was used interchangeably with "latten." U.S. standard bronze is composed of 90% copper, 7% tin and 3% zinc. Ancient bronze alloys sometimes contained up to 14% tin.
  • Byzantine - Culture, style, and period of the Christian states of the eastern Mediterranean during the rule of the Byzantine Empire (330 - 1453 CE). Byzantine art and culture was carried throughout much of the Christian world, and lasted into the 16th century in eastern Europe. The style is characterized by imperial and religious subject matter, and a movement away from the original Greek naturalistic forms to favor ritualistic stylization, intended to suggest the spiritual. For the culture and style of the Italian and western Mediterranean Christian world roughly from the third to the mid-ninth century CE, use "Early Christian."
  • coins - Pieces of metal stamped by government authority for use as money.
  • Strigiformes - Order containing around 180 species in two families of nocturnal raptorial birds with hooked beaks, strong talons, and soft plumage. All owls have the same general appearance, which is characterized by a flat face, small hooked beak, short tail, round wings, and large, forward-facing eyes. The bird became associated with Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and also owls became symbolic of intelligence because it was thought that they could forsee events. Also, because of their nocturnal existence and hooting sounds, owls have also been symbols associated with the occult. In the Middle Ages, the owl became a symbol of the darkness before the coming of Christ.

Additional Images Click an image to view a larger version
Additional Image C.1777_BMC_f_2.jpg
C.1777_BMC_f_2.jpg
Additional Image C.1777_BMC_f.jpg
C.1777_BMC_f.jpg

  • Owner Name: Gift of Clarissa Compton Dryden, Class of 1932, MA 1935
    Role: Donor
    Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, USA
    Acquisition Method: Inherited
    Ownership Start Date: 1925
    Ownership End Date: 1987
    Remarks: These coins were donated by Mrs. Lincoln (Clarissa Compton) Dryden (A.B. 1932, M.A. 1935). They were formerly in the Densmore Curtis Collection.


  • Owner Name: Charles Densmore Curtis (1875-1925)
    Role: Collector
    Ownership Start Date: Likely ca. 1900 or later
    Ownership End Date: 1925


If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/160067 |title=Byzantine Bronze Coin of Cyzicus Issued by Constans |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=12/2/2022 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>

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