Republican Denarius Serratus of Rome Issued by A. Postumius A.F. S.N. Albinus81 BCE
3/4 in. (diameter) x 1/16 in. (1.9 cm x 0.1 cm)
Gift of Aline Abaecherli Boyce, MA 1928, PhD 1932, in honor of Lily Ross Taylor, PhD 1912, Professor of Latin and Dean of the Graduate School
Bryn Mawr College
Accession Number: C.591
Geography: Europe, Italy, Rome
Classification: Exchange Media; Coins
Collection: Aline Abaecherli Boyce Collection
This object has the following keywords:
altars*, Animalia*, Artemis, bows*, bucrania*, cattle*, denarii*, female*, oxen*, quivers*, Republican*, Sacrifice, serrating*, silver*
- altars - Elevated platforms or constructions upon which religious sacrifice is offered or other religious or spiritual activities carried out. In a Christian church altars are platforms where Eucharistic elements are consecrated, in the ancient tradition of a sacrifice. Includes both indoor small, tablelike fixtures and larger, free-standing, outdoor structures. It consists of a horizontal part, the mensa, placed on various types of supports. For the surface at which communion is celebrated in Protestant churches, use "communion tables."
- Animalia - Kingdom containing multicellular organisms having cells bound by a plasma membrane and organized into tissue and specialized tissue systems that permit them to either move about in search of food or to draw food toward themselves. Unable to make their own food within themselves, as photosynthetic plants do, they rely on consuming preformed food. They possess a nervous system with sensory and motor nerves, enabling them to receive environmental stimuli and to respond with specialized movements.
- bows - Stringed projectile weapons designed to propel arrows, generally consisting of a long stave of wood, metal, fiberglass, or other flexible material, with a length of strong string fastened to the tips of the stave which is bent in a curve, either permanently or from the tension of the string. The string is drawn back, holding the arrow by means of a notch in its rear tip, and propels the arrow upon release.
- bucrania - Motifs representing the head or skull of an ox, often garlanded, common in classical style friezes.
- cattle - A collective term referring to live animals, particularly bovine animals, held as property or reared to serve as meat, or sources of milk, skin, wool, etc.
- denarii - Roman silver coins originally valued at ten asses, later debased in value and purity; in use from the late 3rd century BCE until the mid-3rd century CE.
- female - Referring to the sex that normally produces eggs or female germ cells.
- oxen - Castrated adult male cattle, typically used as draft animals.
- quivers - Deep containers made of metal, wood, or leather, used for holding and carrying arrows, typically worn slung across the back.
- Republican - Refers to the period in history and style of art that developed when Rome was ruled by the Republic, from its founding in 509 BCE through the Battle of Actium in 31 BCE or the formal establishment of the Empire in 27 BCE. Art produced during this period reflects the political power, glories, and distinguished ancestors of the ruling families, resulting in many portraits and historical reliefs. The style is characterized by the influence of Classical Greek art and an emphasis on extreme realism.
- serrating - Notching or forming sawlike teeth on the edge of a surface.
- silver - Pure metallic element having symbol Ag and atomic number 47; a malleable, ductile, white metal with characteristic sheen, considered a precious metal. Silver is widely distributed throughout the world, occurring rarely as metallic silver (in Peru, Norway) but more often as silver-gold alloys and silver ore. Today silver is obtained as a byproduct in the refinement of gold, lead, copper, or zinc ores. Silver was smelted from the ore galena as early as 3800 BCE. As a pure metal, silver is second to gold in malleability and ductility, can be polished to a highly reflective surface, and used -- typically in an alloy -- in jewelry, coinage, photography, mirrors, electrical contacts, and tableware.
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