North and Central America and Asia, United States and India
Furnishings and Furniture; Furniture
American design; Indian manufacture
Lockwood de Forest (1850-1932) was an American-born artist who is most well-known for his landscape painting and interior design, as well as for his partnership with Louis Comfort Tiffany and the Associated Artists in New York. As a young man he travelled frequently with his family, touring Europe, North Africa, and parts of the Middle East before the age of 25, but his greatest interest was in the decorative arts of Eastern India. De Forest spent many years in Ahmedabad overseeing a workshop where craftsmen produced carved furniture, tracery panels, jewelry, and textiles for export to New York City.
This chased brass bed frame, like its twin (Deanery.453), was purchased by Mary Elizabeth Garrett for her home in Baltimore, Maryland, while she was living there in the 1880s. The pair of beds was commissioned by de Forest from his Ahmedabad workshop; their head- and footboards are decorated with perforated copper panels of traditional East Indian design. When Garrett moved into the Deanery at Bryn Mawr in 1904, she brought several pieces of her East Indian furniture with her, including the pair of beds. They can be seen in archival photographs of her bedroom on the second floor of the Deanery.
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Arts and Crafts
- An aesthetic and social movement of the late 19th century that originated in England and spread to the United States, Germany, and Northern Europe. A reaction against industrialization and the quality of manufactured goods, the movement is marked by a desire to revive the craftsmanship associated with traditional arts, a form follows function philosophy, and an idealized view of the medieval craft guilds.
- Generally, the sleeping places of humans and animals. Specifically, permanent pieces of furniture comprised of a bedstead, which is the wooden or metal support, and the bedding, including the mattress and cover.
- Alloy of copper and zinc, usually with copper as the major alloying element and zinc up to 40% by weight. For an alloy consisting mainly of copper, combined most often with tin, but at times also with other metals, use "bronze (metal)."
- Nationality, styles, and culture of the modern nation of India, or more broadly to cultures that developed on the subcontinent of India, which is bounded by the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal, and the Himalayn Mountains. It may also refer even more broadly to cultures of India, the East Indies, and the former British Indian Empire. It was formerly used less specifically to refer to any Oriental or Asian culture. Do not use this term to refer to the indigenous populations of North or South America; see "Native American" or other appropriate terms.
- In metalwork, a technique for decorating a surface by hammering the reverse of the object, sometimes into a mold of wood that has been carved in intaglio, to create designs in relief.
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The following Bibliography exist for this object:
Roberta A. Mayer,
Lockwood De Forest
University of Delaware Press.
Newark, NJ, 2008
Page Number: 151-152,
Figure Number: 130-131