- Refers to the cultures of the continent of Africa, which is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean Sea.
- Refers to works executed by cutting a figure or design out of a solid material such as stone or wood. It typically refers to works that are relatively small in size, are part of a larger work, or are not considered art. For large and medium-sized three-dimensional works of art, use the broader term "sculpture" or another appropriate term.
- Masks that enclose the head entirely or in part, especially those worn during African ceremonies and masquerades.
- Ceremonies formally admitting someone into a community, organization, or other group, or investing them with a particular role or status.
- Objects used for a particular ritual activity, often as part of a ceremony.
- Any of various societies, the members of which are sworn to keep the rules, activities, and purposes secret from nonmembers.
- Styles and cultures from the region comprising the westernmost area of the African continent, defined by the United Nations as including the modern nations of Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
- Refers to female human beings from young adulthood through old age.
- The principal tissue of trees and other plants that provides both strength and a means of conducting nutrients. Wood is one of the most versatile materials known.
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Owner Name: Jane Martin, Class of 1953
Place: Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
Ownership Start Date: April 8, 1986
Ownership End Date: May 1, 2016
Owner Name: Muhammed Sillah
Ownership End Date: April 8, 1986
Remarks: Likely purchased in Monrovia, Liberia
The following Bibliography exist for this object:
"African Heritage Document and Research Center."
(Accessed June 11, 2020):
Record No.: 0177803.
Related Bibliography List
The following Related Bibliography exist for this object:
Lester P. Monts,
"Dance in the Vai Sande Society."
17, no. 4
"Cosmos, Cosmetics, and the Spirit of Bondo."
18, no. 3
Ruth B. Phillips,
Representing Woman: Sande Masquerades of the Mende of Sierra Leone
(Los Angeles, CA: Fowler Museum of Cultural History, 1995),
Gavin H. Imperato
and Pascal James Imperato.
Bundu: Sowei Headpieces of the Sande Society of West Africa
(New York, New York: Kilima House Publishers, 2012),
Figure Number: 30