- Refers to the ancient Greek period, culture, and art of ancient Greece that lasted from about 330 BCE to 31 BCE, when Augustus defeated Cleopatra and Mark Antony. It is characterized by an international culture that was ushered in by Alexander the Great's conquest of India, Egypt, and the Near East. In architecture and art, the style is marked by greater sophistication, complexity, and diversity than was known in earlier Greek styles. Architecture diverges from strict rules of earlier periods. Sculptors emphasized more realistic figures in a greater variety of poses than in earlier Greek art.
- Ancient Greek vessels in the form of a shallow bowl with two horizontal handles and a lid. Such vessels are often depicted on vases in connection with weddings, as containers for articles used by women for dressing and grooming, and as containers for small items such as toys, spices, or thread. Lekanai were also used for serving food.
- Refers to a style of Greek vase painting that developed from the Black-figure style. It appeared in Athens around 530 BCE and spread to other areas of Greece, southern Italy, Etruria, and elsewhere in the Mediterranean area, until it disappeared in the third century BCE. The style is characterized by a particular technique, which involves the use of refined slip and a two-phase firing process to create a black ground through sintering, with figures reserved in red. The details of the figures are more fluid than in the Black-figure style, and are typically drawn with a brush, using both a defined, black relief line and a more dilute line that varies in color from dark gold to black.
- Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway, PhD
and Gloria Ferrari Pinney.
Aspects of Ancient Greece.
Allentown Art Museum.
Allentown, PA, 1979
Page Number: 114-115,
Figure Number: 54
The following Comparanda exist for this object:
Arthur Dale Trendall
and Alexander Cambitoglou.
First Supplement to the Red-Figured Vases of Apulia
(London, England: University of London, Institute of Classical Studies, 1983),
830-851; esp. 841-843.
Figure Number: no. 344-379, plate 315, no. 5-8
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<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/168172 |title=South Italian Red-Figure Lekanis (Lidded Bowl) with Two Women |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=9/24/2021 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>
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