- Representations in any medium of Gautama Buddha.
- The cultures, styles, and periods characteristic of China. To specifically refer to the cultures of ancient Chine, use "Ancient Chinese."
- Refers to pigment in a medium, such as ink, water, or oil. A common example is in referring to the media of Asian art (e.g., "ink and color on paper").
- Refers to the culture, period, and styles associated with the Chinese dynasty dating from 1368 to 1644. It is characterized by being a period of stability, prosperity, and by a renewal of Chinese culture and national consciousness. Styles in this period developed largely from a system of court patronage of the arts that generally encouraged a high level of workmanship, but conservatism in design and technique. The major art produced during this period includes cloisonné, enamelware, bronzework, lacquerwork, furniture, and small ornamental carvings of jade, ivory, wood, and porcelain. In ceramics, earlier styles, including, blue-and-white wares, were refined in technique and decoration. In architecture, the earlier experiments of the Sung period were abandoned, in favor of more traditional designs, including the construction of the Forbidden City in Peking. In painting, schools of professional academics/artists and "literati" encouraged independent, personal styles.
- Unique works in which images are formed primarily by the direct application of pigments suspended in oil, water, egg yolk, molten wax, or other liquid, arranged in masses of color, onto a generally two-dimensional surface.
- Refers to paintings having a long, narrow scroll format. Term is often used in the context of Chinese and Japanese paintings on either hanging scrolls (kakemono, if Japanese) or on handscrolls (emakimono, if Japanese). For written documents on long, rolled strips, see "scrolls (information artifacts)."
- Textile made from silk fiber, which is a fiber derived from the cocoon of the silkworm moth.
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