- Covers for the opening at the top of a vessel or other receptacle, or which close the mouth of an aperture; lids may be detached or turned upon a hinge in order to give access to the interior.
- Fragments of a ceramic or glass vessel from just below the rim.
- Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- Plane curves that generally wind around a point while moving ever farther from the point. Many kinds of spiral are known, including the ancient Greek Archimedean spiral, described in On Spirals (ca. 225 BCE), and the logarithmic or equiangular spiral first described by René Descartes in 1638. The curves are observed in nature, and humans have used them in machines and in ornament, notably architecture, for example, the whorl in an Ionic capital. Prefer "scrolls (motifs)" or "scrollwork" for more complex forms.
- Refers to two-dimensional decoration applied to pottery by using paint made of metallic oxides or other pigments held in suspension in slip or another medium. The term is particularly used to refer to Ancient Greek red- and black-figure works. See also "porcelain paintings (visual works)."
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