Early Bronze Age
- Refers to the earliest phase of Bronze Age cultures, which developed differently in different regions, either from Chalcolithic or Neolithic technologies. It differs from the Middle and Late Bronze Age cultures primarily in metal assemblages and burial rites. It is characterized in part by the earliest experimentation with copper alloys to produce bronze, as well as the improvement of stone tools, and various other local cultural developments. Some scholars classify the Chalcolithic as the earliest phase of the Bronze Age.
- Refers to the latest phase of Minoan art and culture, according to the classification system devised by the archaeologist, Arthur Evans. It is characterized by fresco painting, reconstruction of palaces, and especially by pottery decoration painted in dark-firing slip on a pale ground, in contrast to earlier designs that were white on a dark slip ground. Designs are typically composed of more naturalistic plants and animals arranged in geometric zones or designs. It overlaps with the Neopalatial and the Postpalatial periods.
- Refers to the period and style associated with the Greek Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete from around 3,500 BCE to around 1,050 BCE, as distinct from contemporary cultures on the Greek Mainland, known as "Helladic," and on the other islands, known as "Cycladic." Minoan art and culture spread in the Aegean region, and thus existed in locations outside Crete. It is characterized by innovations and a grand scale in city and palace design, extensive use of writing, and a distinctive sophistication in art, including elaborate seals, pottery, frescoes, and sculpture.
- Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- Vessels of varying shape and size but which are usually taller than they are wide, varying greatly in actual form and use. In modern usage, typically refers to vessels for displaying flowers. When referring to ancient art, often refers to any ceramic or metal vessel in a range of shapes and used to hold liquids, grain, or another substance.
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Dimensions: 1 5/8 x 1 3/16 x 5/32 in. (4.2 x 3.016 x 0.397 cm)
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