Early Bronze Age
- Refers to the earliest phase of Bronze Age cultures, which developed differently in different regions, either from Chalcolithic or Neolithic technologies. It differs from the Middle and Late Bronze Age cultures primarily in metal assemblages and burial rites. It is characterized in part by the earliest experimentation with copper alloys to produce bronze, as well as the improvement of stone tools, and various other local cultural developments. Some scholars classify the Chalcolithic as the earliest phase of the Bronze Age.
- Drinking glasses with a large bowl, of various shapes, resting on a stemmed foot.
- Refers to the style of artistic production in the southern and central Greek mainland during the Bronze Age between circa 1600 and 1050 BCE. Mycenaeans dominated the Aegean during this period and consequently works of art, though drawing on Minoan influence, demonstrate an increasing sophistication and variety. They include metalwork represented by golden Vapheio cups and gold face masks and wall paintings depicting predominantly scenes of warefare and hunting. Pottery is distinguished by the introduction of new formalized decorative motifs representing plant and animal life while architecture is characterized by the construction of palaces and elaborate tholos tombs such as the Treasury of Atreus.
- Refers to the latest phase of Minoan art and culture, according to the classification system devised by the archaeologist, Arthur Evans. It is characterized by fresco painting, reconstruction of palaces, and especially by pottery decoration painted in dark-firing slip on a pale ground, in contrast to earlier designs that were white on a dark slip ground. Designs are typically composed of more naturalistic plants and animals arranged in geometric zones or designs. It overlaps with the Neopalatial and the Postpalatial periods.
- Refers to the culture and style that flourished on the Greek mainland and various islands, excluding Crete, in the Late Bronze Age, from around 1600 BCE to around 1100 BCE. The style is known from pottery, sculpture, architecture, metal work, and wall paintings, and from its influence on many contemporary cultures. It is characterized by the combination of earlier Minoan and Middle Helladic motifs with new elements that were invented or are of unknown origin, including stylized plants and elaborate compositions that incorporate lively, naturalistic animals and marine life. In a narrow sense, the term is used to refer specifically to the art and culture of the ancient city of Mycenae. It is also used in reference to places where the Mycenaean language was spoken or the Linear B script has been found.
- Limited to fragments of pottery or glass.
- The application to a surface of a resin in a volatile solvent, which dries to a hard, glossy, and usually transparent film.
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Dimensions: 1 3/8 x 1 x 7/32 in. (3.5 x 2.54 x 0.556 cm)
If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:
<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/157917 |title=Late Helladic or Late Minoan Foot Sherd of Stemmed Goblet with Varnished Decoration |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=9/18/2021 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>
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