Antoine-Louis Barye (1796-1875) was a French sculptor who began his career as a goldsmith but later became one of the great ‘animaliers’ of the 19th century. The term was, in fact, coined (derisively, by critics) in 1831 specifically to describe Barye after his small animal bronzes became immensely popular in Paris. Barye himself wished to be known instead as a ‘sculpteur statuaire’ - a sculptor of larger statues, and in his later career he produced a number of famous works now exibited in national museums around the world, including the Louvre in his hometown of Paris.
The inventory of the Deanery taken in 1917 lists numerous small bronze statues of animals, including this one of a parrot alighting on a pear tree. The figurine exemplifies Barye’s skill in rendering on a small scale not only the realistic anatomy of the animal but also its energy and beauty.
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- Kingdom containing multicellular organisms having cells bound by a plasma membrane and organized into tissue and specialized tissue systems that permit them to either move about in search of food or to draw food toward themselves. Unable to make their own food within themselves, as photosynthetic plants do, they rely on consuming preformed food. They possess a nervous system with sensory and motor nerves, enabling them to receive environmental stimuli and to respond with specialized movements.
- Refers to a broad range of alloys of copper, specifically any non-ferrous alloy of copper, tin, and zinc or other trace metals. Bronze was made before 3,000 BCE -- possibly as early as 10,000 BCE, although its common use in tools and decorative items is dated only in later artifacts. The proportions of copper and tin vary widely, from 70 to 95 percent copper in surviving ancient artifacts. Because of the copper base, bronze may be very malleable and easy to work. By the Middle Ages in Europe, it was recognized that using the metals in certain proportions could yield specific properties. Some modern bronzes contain no tin at all, substituting other metals such as aluminum, manganese, and even zinc. Historically, the term was used interchangeably with "latten." U.S. standard bronze is composed of 90% copper, 7% tin and 3% zinc. Ancient bronze alloys sometimes contained up to 14% tin.
- Three-dimensional works that represent humans, animals, or mythical beasts at less than half life-size. While the term may be used interchangeably with "statuette" in certain situations, it differs in that a statuette is always free-standing while a figurine may be part of a larger work, such as a decorative detail on a candelabra or mirror.
- Refers to the culture of the modern nation of France, or in general to cultures that have occupied the area of the modern nation in western Europe.
- Members of the family comprising over 330 species of fruit- and seed-eating birds of the tropics and southern hemisphere, with a short, downcurved, hooked bill, grasping feet, a raucous voice, and often brightly colored plumage. Parrots have been kept as cage birds since ancient times for their bright colors and ability to imitate human speech.
- Three-dimensional works of art in which images and forms are produced in relief, in intaglio, or in the round. The term refers particularly to art works created by carving or engraving a hard material, by molding or casting a malleable material (which usually then hardens), or by assembling parts to create a three-dimensional object. It is typically used to refer to large or medium-sized objects made of stone, wood, bronze, or another metal. Small objects are typically referred to as "carvings" or another appropriate term. "Sculpture" refers to works that represent tangible beings, objects, or groups of objects, or are abstract works that have defined edges and boundaries and can be measured. As three-dimensional works become more diffused in space or time, or less tangible, use appropriate specific terms, such as "mail art" or "environmental art."
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This object was included in the following exhibitions:
Home Departure and Destination
Bryn Mawr College
, 10/4/2013 - 12/31/2013
"All-Over" Design: Lockwood de Forest between Ahmedabad and Bryn Mawr
Bryn Mawr College
, 10/24/2019 - 3/1/2020