- Refers to the cultures of the continent of Asia, which is in the eastern hemisphere, and is bounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Arctic Ocean, and is generally considered to be delimited on the west by the Ural Mountains. It also refers to the numerous islands off the coast of Asia.
- Superhuman beings of infinite wisdom and compassion; Buddhist saints who, having only one birth to undergo before attaining Nirvana, consent to be reborn for the sake of suffering mankind. In Mahayana Buddhism, the spiritual ideal. In Theravada Buddhism, the term is exclusively used to identify historical Buddhas in their previous lives.
- The cultures, styles, and periods characteristic of China. To specifically refer to the cultures of ancient Chine, use "Ancient Chinese."
- Refers to the culture, period, and styles associated with the Chinese dynasty dating from 1368 to 1644. It is characterized by being a period of stability, prosperity, and by a renewal of Chinese culture and national consciousness. Styles in this period developed largely from a system of court patronage of the arts that generally encouraged a high level of workmanship, but conservatism in design and technique. The major art produced during this period includes cloisonné, enamelware, bronzework, lacquerwork, furniture, and small ornamental carvings of jade, ivory, wood, and porcelain. In ceramics, earlier styles, including, blue-and-white wares, were refined in technique and decoration. In architecture, the earlier experiments of the Sung period were abandoned, in favor of more traditional designs, including the construction of the Forbidden City in Peking. In painting, schools of professional academics/artists and "literati" encouraged independent, personal styles.
- Generally, all ware made of ceramic, which is any of various hard, brittle, heat-resistant and corrosion-resistant materials made by shaping and then firing a nonmetallic mineral, such as clay, at a high temperature. In specialized usage, it typically does not include porcelain, which is a type of ceramic ware made of a refractory white clay, or "kaolin," and a feldspathic rock, that react when fired so the clay serves to hold the shape of the object and the rock fuses into a natural glass.
- Three-dimensional works of art in which images and forms are produced in relief, in intaglio, or in the round. The term refers particularly to art works created by carving or engraving a hard material, by molding or casting a malleable material (which usually then hardens), or by assembling parts to create a three-dimensional object. It is typically used to refer to large or medium-sized objects made of stone, wood, bronze, or another metal. Small objects are typically referred to as "carvings" or another appropriate term. "Sculpture" refers to works that represent tangible beings, objects, or groups of objects, or are abstract works that have defined edges and boundaries and can be measured. As three-dimensional works become more diffused in space or time, or less tangible, use appropriate specific terms, such as "mail art" or "environmental art."
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