- Refers to a style named for the Buddhist Temple of Bayon, a central temple built by Jayavarman VII (1181-1220 CE) in the capital Angkor Thom. The style is characterized by wide gallery spaces, central sanctuaries in a circular ground-plan surrounded by an array of chapels, and towers positioned atop sanctuaries adorned with carved, large-scale faces. The style is driven by fervent religious sentiment and spiritual obligations to provide a central rendezvous and respite for the gods to conduct celestial ceremonies.
- Representations in any medium of Gautama Buddha.
- Nationality, culture, or style of Cambodia, located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Arts and crafts of the region reveal Indian and other regional influences through various sculptures of wood and stone, lapidary pieces comprised of silver, gold, and ivory, and silk sheath pieces in various luxurious hues of red, blue, and gold.
- Refers to the period whose output is analagous to Khmer artistic models developed in the region of modern Cambodia. In architecture, the period can be divided into three subperiods: From the seventh to the ninth century, the period harks back to pre-Angkor Khmer styles and features brick construction, square towers, sanctuaries with redans and corner pilasters, corbelled vault roof systems, and molded bases with entrances on the east side and false doors on the remaining three sides. From the 10th to the early 13th century, the period reveals more aggressive Khmer influences and is characterized by the Prasat Wat Prang (tenth century) and Prasat Ban Chang, both featuring brick towers with sandstone doorframes on a north-south axis, pilasters, and trilobed lamp niches, and by the Prasat Phra and Prasat Phanom Wan, both featuring vestibules and mondops housing relics or Buddha images. From the late 13th to 14th century, the architecture developed regional artistic elements but retained traditional Khmer iconography. Temples in this latter style feature laterite construction, extensive sanctuaries dedicated to Buddha and bodhisattvas, the prang, a distinctively Thai structure characterized by the upward elongation of the bullet shape of the classical Khmer tower sanctuary, and further variations on the mondop and square tower with redans. In ceramic production, the period features mostly flat, brown-glazed or green-glazed works with incised geometric designs and modeling of animal-like forms on jars and pots.
- A consolidated sedimentary rock, consisting of sand grains united with a natural cementing material; the most common sand in sandstone contains quartz, with considerable feldspar, lime, mica, and clayey matter.
- Refers to the process or branch of fine art concerned with creating sculpture, which are three-dimensional works. It refers particularly to carving or engraving a hard material, or with molding or casting a malleable material, so as to produce designs or figures in relief, in intaglio, or in the round. It is typically used to refer to the production of large or medium-sized objects in stone, clay, or bronze. The production of small objects in bronze or stone is typically referred to by a specific term, such as "stone carving" or "die sinking." The production of sculpture in wood or ivory is typically referred to as "carving," even though the finished work in these materials may be called "sculpture (visual work)."
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<ref name=BMC>cite web |url=http://triarte.brynmawr.edu/objects-1/info/152923 |title=Cambodian Khmer Bayon or Lopburi Stone Buddha Head Fragment |author=Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections |accessdate=9/25/2021 |publisher=Bryn Mawr College</ref>
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