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dimensions: 4 3/4 x 3 5/16 in. (12 x 8.4 cm).
2nd - 3rd century CE
Gift of Clarissa Compton Dryden, Class of 1932, MA 1935
<SPAN>John Kovacs, Kress Seminar participant, Berkeley Museum exhibition 1974, attributes to a sarcophagus relief--possibly the panther of Dionysus'' cart, comparable to a them in popular Roman times. In Echoes from Olympus: Reflections of Divinity in Small Scale Classical Art. Supplement to Catalogue. Copy on file.<BR/><BR/><SPAN STYLE="font-family:''Segoe UI'';font-size:11pt">From conservation report (9/16/2014): "The head does, however, match quite closely a number of Dionysiac sarcophagi from the 3rd c. AD in which the panther turns its gaping head towards the god riding on its back. The best examples of this type are the Badminton sarcophagus in the Metropolitan Museum (</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-family:''Calibri'';font-size:12pt">Badminton Sarcophagus, 260-270 AD. Metropolitan Museum of Art</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-family:''Segoe UI'';font-size:11pt">) and a similar sarcophagus in the Museum Palace Wilhelmshohe. The head is smaller and substantially less well carved than the panthers on those two sarcophagi, and as such matches more closely with a Bacchic sarcophagus currently at the J. Paul Getty Museum (</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-family:''Calibri'';font-size:12pt">Bacchic Sarcophagus, 210-220 AD. J. Paul Getty Museum</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-family:''Segoe UI'';font-size:11pt">)."<BR/><BR/></SPAN>Cf. Glyptotheque Ny-Carlsburg, pl. 150 and text thereto. The relief on this sarcophagus shows panthers pulling Dionysus in a cart, their faces to right instead of left as the Bryn Mawr piece. The style is Trajanic. See also Altmann, AOAS, p. 101. Lionesses as another alternative do not compare well because of their fluffier manes and the convention of having their mouths completely open without teeth touching. Also the ears lie flat along the head and are set lower down. Cf. BrBr, pls. 641-645 and text thereto; M. Turcan, Les Sarcophages romains a representations dionysiaques (Paris, 1966), pls. 9, 33a, 35; Matz, Die dionysische Sarkophage (Berlin, 1968), vol. I, pls. 67, 69, 70, 77, II, pls. 97-99, 102; and often. (from Echoes from Olympus see publications.)</SPAN>
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