{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 176857, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/176857", "Disp_Access_No" : "X.108", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "5th century BCE", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "500 BCE", "_Disp_End_Date" : "401 BCE", "Disp_Title" : "Athena Lemnia (Reconstruction in the Albertinum, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden; head in the Museo Civico Archeologico di Bologna G 1060)", "Alt_Title" : "Lemnian Athena", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Phidias", "Sort_Artist" : "Phidias", "Disp_Dimen" : "90 in. x 42 in. x 27 in. (228.6 cm x 106.68 cm x 68.58 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "90 in.", "Disp_Width" : "42 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Plaster", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Plaster", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Plaster reproduction, early twentieth century painted to imitate the original, most likely in bronze, which stood on the Athenian Acropolis. This composite reproduction is based on A. Furtwangler's reconstruction (Meisterwerke 1895) using the Roman marble Pelagi Head in the Bologna Museum and a standing marble torso known in two Roman copies in the Dresden Albertinum. Whether these components reflect an original of the fifth century BCE or a classicizing creation of the Roman period is discussed by K. Hartswick in AJA 87 (1983). This reproduction was cast by August Gerber in Cologne, Germany in the late 19th century. The donor is unknown, and the date of acquisition is recorded as ca. 1905, as this is when it appeared in Bryn Mawr's record. The Athena stood in Thomas Library for several decades. In the 1970s it was moved to the Great Hall and after vandalism (1996) to the Rhys Carpenter Library in 1997. There is now a fiberglass replica, made by Jan Trembley, Class of 1975, which stands in the Great Hall to receive votive offerings from students. (From the Athena Lemnia file, Angelique Wille, 9/10/2010) This statue type is known as the Athena Lemnia, after ancient references to a statue of Athena dedicated in Athens that was made by Pheidias, the famous sculptor. No such complete statue exists, either in its original mid-5th century BCE form or as a later copy: with this cast, August Gerber followed the 19th-century reconstruction that the German art historian Adolf Furtwängler created from a Roman marble body in Dresden and a cast of a marble head located in Bologna (Bryn Mawr's cast is painted black to resemble bronze). Before Furtwängler, other heads were fitted to the Dresden bodies, and the security of this reconstruction cannot be known. Until 1996, the cast was located in Thomas Great Hall, and from the 1970s acquired votive offerings, but after it was kidnapped and accidentally broken by Haverford students, it was decided to repair it and move it into its current space. A papier-mâché replica now resides in Thomas. ", "Dedication" : "Bequest of M. Carey Thomas, President of Bryn Mawr College, 1894-1922", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "", "Creation_Place2" : "Greece", "Department" : "Fine Arts", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/X.108_BMC_f_2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/X.108_BMC_f_2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/X.108_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/X.108_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "88478", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }