{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 145769, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/145769", "Disp_Access_No" : "99.3.46", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "Late 19th century - Mid 20th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1867", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1966", "Disp_Title" : "Chi Wara Dance Crest", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "unknown Bamana", "Sort_Artist" : "unknown Bamana", "Disp_Dimen" : "11 7/8 in. x 8 in. (30.16 cm x 20.32 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "11 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Carved, painted, and incised wood with paint", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Carved, painted, and incised wood with paint", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Small animal carrying burden of another abstract animal-topped by antelope (?) horns and ears - decorated with incised geometric patterns and stain; three spines line the back of the abstract figure. tji wara = Chi Wara = head dress, Chi Wara Association, ritual. Dr. Polly Roberts, an African Art expert looked at this object and said it represents three animals, a pengolin, and an ardvark being two of them. It symbolizes fertility and farming. 3/2013 M. Weldon In preparation for becoming future spouses, Bamana youth in Mali who have reached a certain age-grade are chosen to dance as the male Ci Wara (also spelled Tyi Wara, both pronounced as Chi Wara) and his female companion. The word ci refers to farming while the word wara is generally translated as “wild beast.” In addition to preparing the youth for marriage, it also focuses on the importance of agriculture to the community, since the Bamana believe that theCi Wara taught mankind how to cultivate the land. This Ci Wara headdress is known as a vertical dance crest because the horns point upward. Horizontal dance crests also exist, with their horns lying back. The triangular cut-outs on the body signify that this is a male Ci Wara. 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