{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 145799, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/145799", "Disp_Access_No" : "99.3.11.a-b", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "19th century - 20th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1800", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1999", "Disp_Title" : "Sande Society Sowei Helmet Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "unknown Mende", "Sort_Artist" : "unknown Mende", "Disp_Dimen" : "18 x 8.5 x 10 in. (45.72 x 21.59 x 25.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "18 in.", "Disp_Width" : "8.5 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Carved, incised, and drilled wood", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Carved, incised, and drilled wood", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Drilled holes 360 degrees around bottom of mask. Small face with olive-shaped, horizontally elongated eyes. High, bulging forehead. Scarification of vertical lines across forehead and on cheeks. # fat rolls at ear level and below. 3 anthropomorphic figures (probably female) in half-sitting position on sides and back of head. 3 snake figures between the anthropomorphic figurines. Snake wound around protrusion on top of mask. On the very top is a square piece that protrudes in center and which is loose, I.e., probably removable. When young girls in parts of the West Atlantic region reach a certain age they are initiated into the Sande women’s society, whose purpose is to teach girls the roles of proper women within their communities. Once the training is complete, the girls are then considered women and are brought back into the community to be celebrated. A leader of the women’s society, known as a ndoli jowei, dances in masquerade with this type of helmet mask. Sande Society helmet masks symbolize an ideal of beauty with their high foreheads, elaborate braided hairstyles, and healthy black complexions. According to oral tradition, the Sande spirit is a water spirit; therefore it is believed that the rings on the neck of the mask symbolize the rippling of water. Among the Temne, the rings of the mask are viewed as the outer shell of a moth undergoing metamorphosis, which represents the girl’s transformation into a mature woman.", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mace Neufeld and Helen Katz Neufeld, Class of 1953", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Mende, Sierra Leonean, West African, African", "Creation_Place2" : "Sierra Leone", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "helmet mask", "Period" : "", "Style" : "West Africa", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/99.3.11.a-b_BMC_i.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/99.3.11.a-b_BMC_i.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/99.3.11.a-b_BMC_i.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/99.3.11.a-b_BMC_i.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "208302", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : 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