{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 145839, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/145839", "Disp_Access_No" : "99.3.142", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "Mid 20th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1933", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1966", "Disp_Title" : "Sande Society Sowei Helmet Mask", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "unknown Mende", "Sort_Artist" : "unknown Mende", "Disp_Dimen" : "28 in. x 11 1/2 in. x 12 in. (71.12 cm x 29.21 cm x 30.48 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "28 in.", "Disp_Width" : "11 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "with fiber collar", "Medium" : "Wood and plant fiber", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood and plant fiber", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This mask has the distinction of being one of the few ritual masks worn by African women. The Sande Society is a fellowship of women responsible for preparing young Mende girls for adulthood and for their roles as wives, mothers, and female community members. Worn during initiation rites, this stylized headdress embodies womanhood, elegance, and metamorphosis for young Mende women. It also represents the water deity, Sowo, whose mission is to protect young women. Ideal female traits are represented in the mask: submissiveness is conveyed with the downcast position of the eyes, discretion in the small size of the ears and mouth, intelligence in the large forehead, and beauty and eroticism in the abundant hair and ringed neck. Typical Mende design with patinated, long fiber collar attached to base. The face has fine, small features, pronounced mouth, slit-eyes, adn large forehead. There are two neck rolls, scarification on cheeks, and an elaborate coiffure including a disk-shaped ornament on forehead and rectangular ornaments in hair. Plant fiber has been pulled fine, dyed, and braided to resemble human hair. The shapes of "packets" on top of the mask represent amulets, and are related to the fact that many Africans converted to Islam.", "Dedication" : "Gift of Mace Neufeld and Helen Katz Neufeld, Class of 1953", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Mende, West African, African", "Creation_Place2" : "Sierra Leone", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "mask", "Period" : "", "Style" : "West Africa", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/99.3.142_BMC_f.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/99.3.142_BMC_f.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/99.3.142_BMC_f.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/99.3.142_BMC_f.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "7446", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/99.3.142_BMC_f_2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/99.3.142_BMC_f_2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/99.3.142_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/99.3.142_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "6890", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/99.3.142_BMC_f_4.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/99.3.142_BMC_f_4.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/99.3.142_BMC_f_4.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/99.3.142_BMC_f_4.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "41573", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/99.3.142_BMC_pl.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/99.3.142_BMC_pl.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/99.3.142_BMC_pl.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/99.3.142_BMC_pl.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "41574", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/99.3.142_BMC_pr.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/99.3.142_BMC_pr.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/99.3.142_BMC_pr.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/99.3.142_BMC_pr.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "41575", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/99.3.142_BMC_pr_2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/99.3.142_BMC_pr_2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/99.3.142_BMC_pr_2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/99.3.142_BMC_pr_2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "41576", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/99.3.142_BMC_f_3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/99.3.142_BMC_f_3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/99.3.142_BMC_f_3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/99.3.142_BMC_f_3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "43155", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }