{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 176677, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/176677", "Disp_Access_No" : "2000.7.59", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Kapala (Skull Cup)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "3 in. x 6 3/4 in. x 4 5/8 in. (7.62 cm x 17.15 cm x 11.75 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "3 in.", "Disp_Width" : "6 3/4 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Silver, bone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Silver, bone", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""Skull of young adult, possibly lama or dali lama. Silverplated inside with a semi-precious stone set in the center" From Silver: Reflecting the Ages Exhibit: D. Skull - The top portion of a skull of a young adult who is believed to have been a Lama, a priest or monk in Buddhism. The interior portion of the skull is plated with silver and is inlayed with a semi-precious stone in the center. This piece is presumed to have been used as a vessel, perhaps for containing relics or other religious materials, and was most likely supported with a stand. From the Museum of Applied Arts and Sciences website for object record 2006/21/4: The kapala was commonly used in Tibetan Vajrayana Buddhist rituals as an offering bowl and is associated with complex tantric rituals through which the dedicated practitioner may take a transformative path to enlightenment. In some of these rituals, the deities are summoned to partake of (and thus conquer) the symbolic blood or flesh of demons. When filled with blood the skull cup is known as Ashrakapala and when filled with flesh it is known as Mamsakapala. Tantric skull cups were typically made from human skulls decorated with silver, brass and sometimes gems. The bone itself was sometimes also ornately carved with Tibetan symbols. This particular example is simply decorated with a chain of silver skulls around the edge. The interior is lined with pewter or tin.", "Dedication" : "", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "", "Creation_Place2" : "Possibly Tibet", "Department" : "Decorative Arts", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/2000.7.59_BMC_pl_2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/2000.7.59_BMC_pl_2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/2000.7.59_BMC_pl_2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2000.7.59_BMC_pl_2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "108240", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/2000.7.59_BMC_i_2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/2000.7.59_BMC_i_2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/2000.7.59_BMC_i_2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2000.7.59_BMC_i_2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "108254", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }