{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 146747, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/146747", "Disp_Access_No" : "2000.3.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "Likely ca. 700 - ca. 1400", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "700", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1400", "Disp_Title" : "Ica (?) Feathered Mosaic Miniature Dress Fragment", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "unknown Peruvian", "Sort_Artist" : "unknown Peruvian", "Disp_Dimen" : "20 7/8 x 12 13/16 x 3/16 in. (53 x 32.5 x 0.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "20 7/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "12 13/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Cotton fiber, feathers and silver", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Cotton fiber, feathers and silver", "Info_Page_Comm" : "<SPAN>Rectangular panel of featherwork on cotton plainweave. One half of design area has rows of alternating color 3-step pyramids in blue/orange and yellow/black. Other half has uneven stripes of green, orange and black. Feathers are tied with overhand knots to two cotton yarns and secured with horizontal and vertical running stitches. One weft selvage with simple interlacing. See attached datasheet.<BR/><BR/>From conservation report:<BR/><SPAN STYLE="font-family:'Segoe UI';font-size:11pt">The featherwork mosaic dress is visually consistent with a similar to a group of<BR/>miniature garments found in an cache in Ullujaya, in the Ica Valley on the south<BR/>coast of Peru, dating to 12th-13th centuries</SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-family:'TimesNewRomanPSMT';font-size:11pt">. </SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-family:'ArialMT';font-size:11pt">(King 2012, p. 3). These miniature<BR/>garments were ritual objects and were buried as offerings to Ica culture deities<BR/>(King 2012, p. 188). The Ica culture existed between 700-1400 CE in the south<BR/>and central Andes Mountains, and was contemporaneous to other coastal<BR/>cultures that produced featherwork, including the Chimú, Sicán, Ichma (Ichsma),<BR/>and Chancay (King 2012, p. 31).<BR/>Ica miniature garments are simple plain woven rectangular cotton panels that are<BR/>covered with feathers at the front and back. The panels were folded in half to form a<BR/>square-shaped garment. The front of the garments includes different colored feathers<BR/>that are clipped and arranged to create designs.The back of the garments have two<BR/>variations: they are either covered with feathers of a single color, or covered with<BR/>feathers of a single color with a horizontal stripe design of clipped feathers of different<BR/>color than the background.<BR/>The panel is most likely a miniature Ica dress. The terms 'dresses' and 'tunics' refer to<BR/>female and male garments, respectively. These miniature tunics and dresses follow<BR/>construction and visual design of the life-size Ica garments. In most cases however, the<BR/>openings in votive dresses and tunics would have been closed shut and the miniature<BR/>garments were never used (refer to 1979.209.639 in the Metropolitan Museum of Art<BR/>collections online).<BR/></SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-family:'Segoe UI';font-size:11pt"><BR/></SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-family:'ArialMT';font-size:11pt">Male garments were long rectangular panels that were folded horizontally in half to form<BR/>the tunic. The sides were left open for arms. The top of the garment included a slit<BR/>opening for the head. The front feather design is usually a yoke-shaped motif (refer to<BR/>Figs. 3.1, 3.4, and 3.5). Because the male garments were folded horizontally in half, the<BR/>front and back featherwork designs were vertically placed next to one another during<BR/>their construction. The front and back feathers had opposite orientation. Tunics also<BR/>often included silver medallion in their decorative programs (Uceda and King 2012, p.<BR/>77).<BR/>In contrast, female garments were long rectangular panels that were folded vertically in<BR/>half to form a dress (this fold is demonstrated with Fig. 3.5). The edge opposite the fold<BR/>was sewn shut. Openings for the arms and head were made at the top of the garment,<BR/>and they were horizontal slits at the edges and center. The front feather design is usually<BR/>a stepped pyramid in a checkerboard arrangement. Because the female garments are<BR/>folded in half, the featherwork designs were placed adjacently next to one another during<BR/>construction. The front and back feathers had the same orientation.<BR/>According to visual analysis, this panel appears to be a miniature duress. However, it is<BR/>flat with no indication of stitching that would have joined the panel edges into a garment<BR/>form, unlike those shown in publications. It is therefore unclear if this garment was ever<BR/>completed and include slits for the head and arms.<BR/></SPAN><SPAN STYLE="font-family:'Segoe UI';font-size:11pt"><BR/></SPAN></SPAN>", "Dedication" : "Gift of Ward M. 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