{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 166058, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/166058", "Disp_Access_No" : "X.332", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1882", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1882", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1882", "Disp_Title" : "Jan Cornelis Sylvius, Preacher", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles Amand-Durand", "Sort_Artist" : "Amand-Durand, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "11 1/2 in. x 7 1/2 in. (29.21 cm x 19.05 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "11 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "Sheet", "Medium" : "Heliogravure", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Heliogravure", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Bryn Mawr’s print is a Charles Amand-Durand (1831-1905) photographic reproduction of a plate he made in or by 1882 after a Rembrandt original (New Hollstein Cat. 235) of 1646 at the Louvre Museum. Amand-Durand was considered an outstanding reproductive printmaker and photographer of prints. His method was to reproduce the plates first, based on excellent impressions provided by the Louvre. He reproduced the plates of many Old-Master prints, especially Dutch prints, including all of Rembrandts’s plates, to much admiration and support at the Louvre. His means of publishing the prints was Heliogravure. He did not print impressions from his new plates. He did not want to reproduce those. Instead, he directly reproduced his new plates. His translation of original prints into new plates included changes. Therefore Bryn Mawr’s “Sylvius” looks different from all known prints, including copies. (Christiane Hertel, 2019) This print can be compared to VP. 116, which is another version of the same print. However, compared to an original it is clear that this is a copy: the buttons on Sylvius’ clothing are too visible all the way down the length of his torso (in the original they are lost in the shadow on his abdomen), the signature reads only “Rembrandt” instead of “Rembrandt f. 1646.” Furthermore, there are subtle differences in the shape of the folds in his clothing and in the background draping between this copy and the original. Jan Cornelis Sylvius (1564-1638) was the guardian of Saskia, the wife of Rembrandt. This print is a posthumous portrait of Sylvius, a Remonstrant preacher. He leans forward and his gesture is emphasizes by the light falling from the right side. His gesture seems to indicate that he is in the process of preaching, using his hand to emphasize his words. Rembrandt also made an earlier portrait of Sylvius in 1633, in which he appears as a scholar in his study. The posthumous print of Sylvius dates to 1646, eight years after Sylvius’s death. Most of the inscription is a poem about Sylvius written by Caspar Barlaeus, who was a renowned author. A variation of this poem was published in Barlaeus’s Poemata of 1646. The print was designed to include text. Following Barlaeus’s eulogy is a couplet by Petrus Scriverius, which was a typical way of praise: ‘I cannot advertise this man’s gifts better. / My attempt to emulate them in verse is in vain.” the Barlaeus text: Cuius adorandum docuit Facundia Christum, Et populis veram pandit ad astra viam. Talis erat Sylvî facies. audivimus illum Amstelijs isto civibus ore loqui. Hoc Frisjis praecepta dedit: pietasq. severo Relligioq. diu vindice tuta stetit Praeluxit, veneranda suis virtutibus, aetas. Erudytq. ipsos fessa senecta viros. Simplicitatis amans fucum contemsit honesti, Nec sola voluit fronte placere bonis. Sic statuit: Jesum vita meliore doceri Rectiús, et vocum fulmina posse minus. Amstela, sis memor extincti, qui condidit urbem Moribus, hanc ipso fulsijt ille Deo. (translation) His eloquence taught men to honor Christ And showed them the true way to heaven. Such was Sylvius’s face, we have heard him Speak to the citizens of Amsterdam with these lips. With these lips he gave precepts to the Frisians; piety And religion have remained long secure before he severely protected them. His age, that is to be honored for its virtues, is eminent, And in his old age he continued to instruct his fellow men. A lover of sincere simplicity, he despised false appearance Nor did he seek to please good men by mere appearances. He put it this way: Jesus could better be taught Through leading a better life than by thundering speech. O Amsterdam, remember the man now deceased who built the city With his righteousness and piled it on God Himself. The inscription around the oval reads: “My hope is Christ. Johannes Corneslisz. Sylvius, Amsterdammer, filled the function of preaching the holy word for 45 years and 6 months. In Friesland in Tyemarum (Tzummarum) and Pherdgum (Firdgum) four years; in Balk and Haring one year; in Minnertsga four years; in Sloten, Holland, six years; in Amsterdam 28 years and 6 months. He died there on 19 November 1638, 74 years of age.” (Angelique Wille, 4/25/2011) ", "Dedication" : "", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "French", "Creation_Place2" : "France", "Department" : "Fine Arts", "Obj_Name" : "print", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/X.332_BMC_f_2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/X.332_BMC_f_2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/X.332_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/X.332_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "31987", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/X.332_Hertel Research_Amand-Durand_Sylvius_2019.pdf", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/X.332_Hertel Research_Amand-Durand_Sylvius_2019.pdf", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/X.332_Hertel Research_Amand-Durand_Sylvius_2019.pdf", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/X.332_Hertel Research_Amand-Durand_Sylvius_2019.pdf", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "208607", "Image_Type" : "Object Identification Research", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "Research by Prof. Christiane Hertel (2019) for exhibition Temperamental!: Prints in the Collection of Bryn Mawr College", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }