{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 153083, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/153083", "Disp_Access_No" : "TN.214", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "Probably 20th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1900", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1999", "Disp_Title" : "Shugendo Ritual Garment", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Textile", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Textile", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Kimono with printed calligraphy and images used for a religious purpose. Sandskrit calligraphy on back and Chinese on sleeve indicating praise to the deity. Red temple seal of Samboin Daigoji. This garment is the upper robe of a suzukake, the ritual garment worn by yamabushi, mountain ascetics of Shugendō. The robe was donated by Bryn Mawr College alumna Helen B. Chapin, who was a foundational scholar in East Asian Studies in the United States. Chapin traveled to China, Japan, and Korea in the 1920s and early 1930s, during which she garnered a great collection of East Asian artifacts. She studied at Yakushiji, a prominent Buddhist temple, at Nara during her stays in Japan, and gained prestige as a Buddhist scholar. Shugendō is a highly syncretic religion that gradually took form in the ninth and tenth centuries when the Japanese folk tradition of mountain veneration incorporated elements from shamanism, esoteric Buddhism, Taoism, and several other religious influences (Earhart, 2001, p.2-3). Embodying a distinct blend of Shinto, the indigenous kami (deity) worship, and Buddhism, an imported religion, Shugendō has played an active role in shaping the worldview and the religious life of the Japanese people. The red seal to the left of the collar reads “Daihonzan Daigo Sanbōin,” identifying the garment to be for Daigoji Temple's Sanbōin, a major Shugendō center of the Tōzan branch affiliated with the Shingon esoteric Buddhist sect. The calligraphy on the right sleeve says “Namu Shōbō Rigen Daishi”, invoking the name of the legendary founder of the Tōzan sect and Daigoji temple, Rigen (832-909), whose portrait in holy garment appears at the left shoulder. The calligraphy on the left sleeve “Namu Jinben Daibosatsu” and the portrait on the right shoulder (Fig. 5) invoke En no Gyōja (b.634), the legendary founder of Shugendō. Shugendō was influenced by folk ancestor worship, and many of its founders—including the two figures—were accredited with legends, deified, and enshrined as objects of worship (Miyake, 2001, p.118-119). Dijia Chen Bryn Mawr College Class of 2016", "Dedication" : "Gift of Helen Burwell Chapin, Class of 1914, AB 1915", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Japanese", "Creation_Place2" : "Japan", "Department" : "Fine Arts", "Obj_Name" : "kimono", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/TN.214_BMC_f_8.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/TN.214_BMC_f_8.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/TN.214_BMC_f_8.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/TN.214_BMC_f_8.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "96404", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }