{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 187688, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/187688", "Disp_Access_No" : "X.503", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "Mid 15th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1433", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1466", "Disp_Title" : "Relief of the Tabernacle or Ciborium in the Medici Chapel Church of S. Croce ", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Mino da Fiesole", "Sort_Artist" : "da Fiesole, Mino", "Disp_Dimen" : "101 in. x 42 in. (256.54 cm x 106.68 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "101 in.", "Disp_Width" : "42 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "Sight", "Medium" : "Plaster", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Plaster", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The tabernacle of the Medici Chapel Church of Santa Croce in Florence is reproduced here in plaster. Four pilasters create the illusion of a three-dimensional space surrounded by four angels. The sacred nature of the space is indicated by the tabernacle canopy, the papal tiara, and the dove, which represents the Holy Spirit. The rectangular space at the center is most likely a representation of the tabernacle itself, in which the bread and wine of the Eucharist would have been stored. The two inscriptions read, “O host of salvation” [O SALVTARIS HOSTIA] and “here is the living bread which descends from heaven” [HIC EST PANIS VIVVS Q DECELO DESCENDIT]. The original marble tabernacle was created around 1460 by the Tuscan sculptor Mino da Fiesole. In the late nineteenth century, when this reproduction was fabricated, it was common for museums to collect affordable and accurate plaster casts of famous works of art for study. The display of casts has since has fallen out of favor, yet their educational and documentary value endures. --- This plaster reproduction is of the tabernacle of Santa Croce in Florence. The tabernacle creates the illusion that the four pilasters holding up the entablature and lunette surround a three dimensional space. Within four angels holding torches look expectantly at a rectangular space, which may represent the tabernacle, or a door leading to one, in which the host (sacramental bread) would be stored. The space is inarguably a sacred one as indicated by the dove, which represents the Holy Spirit, the tabernacle canopy, the papal tiara, and a sun design. Above the tabernacle scene, an alternating pattern of winged putti heads and palmettes fills the entablature and higher up in the lunette two winged putti heads look toward a central medallion. Below the canopied space with angels there are two inscriptions that corroborate the visual evidence. The lower inscription, written on a scroll held by an angel, reads, “O host of salvation” [O SALVTARIS HOSTIA], most likely referring to the sacramental bread (host). The second inscription above the angel reads, “here is the living bread which descends from heaven” [HIC EST PANIS VIVVS Q DECELO DESCENDIT], referring to the location of the host near the tabernacle. At the bottom, below the winged palmette, the artist Mino da Fiesole signed the piece [OPUS MINI]. The original tabernacle in the Santa Croce in Florence was created c. 1460 in marble by the Tuscan sculptor Mino da Fiesole (1429-1484). The plaster cast of the tabernacle was most likely taken in the late 19th century, when it was common for museums to collect casts of famous works of art for study. Plaster casts were affordable and accurate copies that permitted the side by side comparison of works located across the world from each other. The display of casts has since have fallen out of favor (most museums have placed their casts in storage and only display originals), yet their didactic and documentary value endures. ", "Dedication" : "", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "", "Creation_Place2" : "Italy", "Department" : "Heritage Collection", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "Late19th Century, After original of Mid-15th Century", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ ] }, ] }