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"Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 149964, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/149964", "Disp_Access_No" : "70.E1.12", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "18th century", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1700", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1799", "Disp_Title" : "Knife Case", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Leather, metal, and quills", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Leather, metal, and quills", "Info_Page_Comm" : "A smoked leather case for scissors or a knife that has been decorated with porcupine quills in a geometric design.", "Dedication" : "Gift of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Ojibwa (?)", "Creation_Place2" : "Possibly Canada", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "knife case", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Northeast or Subarctic", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/70.E1.12_BMC_f.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/70.E1.12_BMC_f.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/70.E1.12_BMC_f.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/70.E1.12_BMC_f.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5371", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 149873, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/149873", "Disp_Access_No" : "70.E1.39", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Knife with Scabbard", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Horn, metal, and leather", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Horn, metal, and leather", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This is a scalping knife in a leather scabbard. It is a steel knife with a horn handle that is attached to the knife with 8 iron nails. The knife sheath is made from sewn hide. Cotton thread was used to sew the sheath together and there is a slit cut on the reverse so that the sheath could be attached to a belt or sash. A Cherokee chief took scalps with it.", "Dedication" : "Gift of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Cherokee, Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "knife and scabbard", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Southeast", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/70.E1.39_BMC_f_2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/70.E1.39_BMC_f_2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/70.E1.39_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/70.E1.39_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "14599", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 148032, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/148032", "Disp_Access_No" : "95.1.234", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Cover for Cradle", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "12.5 x 26.5 in. (31.75 x 67.31 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "12.5 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Leather with beads", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Leather with beads", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Intricate red, dark blue, light blue, green, and yellow beaded designs on a white background made of beads. Designs are characteristic of the late 1800s and may have been influenced by oriental rug designs. The tail of the cradle is decorated with metal bells and was manufactured out of part of a parfleche (painted designs are visible on the middle portion).", "Dedication" : "Gift of H.C. Reese", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Cheyenne or Sioux, Plains Indians, Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "cradle cover", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Plains", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/95.1.234_BMC_f.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/95.1.234_BMC_f.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/95.1.234_BMC_f.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.1.234_BMC_f.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5491", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147940, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147940", "Disp_Access_No" : "95.1.49", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Cradle", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "6.5 x 10.5 x 20 in. (16.51 x 26.67 x 50.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "6.5 in.", "Disp_Width" : "10.5 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Bent and sewn bark, leather, and yarn", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Bent and sewn bark, leather, and yarn", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Cradle board or baby carrier made of birch bark, leather and decorated with pink and blue yarn. Frederica DeLaguna: Contributions of an American Anthropologist to the Bryn Mawr College Collections April 1999 through December 2003 The objects on display in this exhibit were collected by Frederica de Laguna, who founded the Bryn Mawr College Anthropology Department. She taught anthropology at Bryn Mawr from 1938 until her retirement in 1975. She continues to serve the college as the William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor Emeritus of anthropology. De Laguna's achievements cover an extensive time span. She began doing fieldwork in 1929, after graduating from Bryn Mawr College, and continued her work in the field into the late 1980's. She has written 16 books and over a hundred other publications. Most of the objects in this case were collected by de Laguna during the 1950's and 1960's while she was conducting ethnographic research among the Tlingit and Copper River Athapaskan Indians in Alaska. This exhibit is in honor of Professor de Laguna, under whose guidance eighty percent of Bryn Mawr's collection of archaeological and ethnographic objects was established. 1906: born in Ann Arbor, Michigan 1927: graduates from Bryn Mawr College (AB) 1929: begins field experience as assistant in a survey of the archaeology of Greenland 1930: leads archaeological and ethnological reconnaissance of Prince William Sound and Cook Inlet in Southern Alaska 1933: receives Ph.D. in anthropology from Columbia University 1934: publishes The Archaeology of Cook Inlet, Alaska. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press for the University Museum. 1938: begins academic career at Bryn Mawr College 1947: publishes The Prehistory of Northern North America as Seen from the Yukon. Society for American Archaeology. 1949: continues work in southeastern Alaska, conducting research that combined the approaches of archaeology, history, and ethnography among the northern Tlingit communities of the Yakutat 1960: publishes the Story of a Tlingit Village: A Problem in the Relationship Between Archaeological, Ethnological and Historical Methods. Washington, DC: Bulletin 17, Bureau of American Ethnology. 1966-67: serves as president of the American Anthropological Association 1967: anthropology splits from its association with sociology and de Laguna, who had been the chair of the combined department, continues as chair of the Department of Anthropology. 1972: Under Mount Saint Elias: The History and Culture of the Yakutat Tlingit. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology, No. 7 (in 3 parts). 1975: de Laguna retires, but immediately begins further serving Bryn Mawr College as William R. Kennan, Jr., professor Emeritus of anthropology 1975: de Laguna and Margaret Mead become first women anthropologists elected to the National Academy of Sciences 1975: publishes The Archaeology of Cook Inlet, Alaska, 2nd revised edition. Anchorage: Alaska Historical Society. 1986: receives American Anthropological Association's Distinguished Service Award 1991: Edits and contributes to George Thornton Emmons' The Tlingit Indians. Seattle & London: University of Washington. 2000: projected publication date of her latest book, Travels Among the Dena. Olympia: University of Washington Press. Objects on Display: 1: Winter Boots. Material: Leather, fur, corduroy, sinew, thread. Provenience: Anaktwuk Pass, Alaska. Culture: Eskimo. Made by Susy Paneak in 1965. Collected and donated by Herb L. Alexander, assistant professor in the Anthropology Department at BMC underneath Frederica de Laguna in 1967-68. 2: Ground Squirrel Trap/Snare. Material: Wood. Culture: Ahtena (Athapaskan). Made by Mrs. Elona McKinley of Copper River, Alaska. Collected by Frederica de Laguna, 1960. Explanation: "This type of snare was set in the animal's trail, and brush was arranged in two converging lines on each side so that the animal could not easily avoid the snare . . . When the animal tried to force its way through the gate, it would break the grass strings holding open the noose, and these movements would dislodge the little trigger stick or hook. This permitted the heavy butt end of the pole to swing down, while the animal was hoisted by the neck until its hind legs just cleared the ground. The line from the noose was threaded though a piece of wood . . ., which slid down on the animal so that it could not bite through the line" (De Laguna Saint Elias 371-372). 3: Model of Fish Trap. Material: Wood. Culture: Athapaskan. Made by "Old" Jimmy Sinyone of Northway on the Upper Tanana River, Alaska. Purchased by Frederica de Laguna, 1960. Explanation: Cylindrical traps for salmon and oelachon, with an inverted funnel-shaped entrance were probably the most common type of fishtrap. De Laguna quotes Harrington as describing this type of fishtrap as "'an 'open-tip funnel trap, a sort of slatted basket of slender poles sometimes 10 feet long with a funnel of poles at one end, through the open tip of which fish find their way into the trap, few finding their way out through the tiny opening to which there is no convergent guiding from the inside. A door at one side of the trap enables removal of the catch'" (387). 4: Gambling Sticks (43). Culture: Tlingit. Made by Jack Reed of Yakutat, Alask, for Frederica de Laguna, 1952. Explanation: These sticks were made for De Laguna as "counters" for playing Chair Dice (see below number 5). Twenty counters are needed to play Chair Dice, but jack Reed made 3 extra, in case some were lost. The sticks are pencil-shaped like those for the Stick Tossing Game. (Jack Reed) 5: Chair Die. Material: Wood. Culture: Tlingitized Eyak. Made by Jack Reed of Yakutat, Alaska. Collected by Frederica de Laguna, 1952. Explanation: The chair die was used in a gambling game, which De Laguna describes as follows: "Two persons play against each other, using 20 sticks as counters, each having a pile of 10 in front of him at the start of the game [see Explanation for number 4]. To play, one person takes the die by the 'back' of the 'chair' between thumb and forefinger, and flips it over the back of his hand with a snap of the wrist. It counts two points if the 'chair' lands sitting up on the shortest edge; 1 point if it lands on one of the other three edges; and 0 if it falls flat on either side. As he scores, the player takes 1 or two counters from his opponent's pile and adds them to his own. If the die falls flat on either side, the player misses his turn, which passes to his opponent. Winning involves taking all the counters" (Mount Elias 555). There are, however, other methods of scoring. 6: Bull-Roarer. Material: Wood. Culture: Athapaskan. Made by Tenos Charley of Copper Center, Alaska. Collected by Frederica de Laguna, 1960. Explanation: The bull-roarer or toy-buzz was commonly used as a toy. 7: Carrying Cradle. Material: Wood Bark, Leather, Yarn. Unknown maker, Tanacross, Alaska. Culture: Athapaskan. Purchased by Frederica de Laguna in Christochina, Alaska, 1968. Explanation: The carrying cradle was used to transport babies. Due to its design, the baby is held securely in his or her seat but at the same time freedom of movement is possible for his or her legs. The carrying cradle is used widely throughout North America, except among the Eskimo....from exhibit website: https://web.archive.org/web/20080307013316/http://www.brynmawr.edu/collections/Exhibitions/exh-frederica.shtml", "Dedication" : "Gift of Frederica de Laguna, Class of 1927, Professor of Anthropology", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Atna, Athapaskan, "Copper River Tribe", Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "cradle", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Subarctic", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/95.1.49_BMC_f.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/95.1.49_BMC_f.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/95.1.49_BMC_f.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/95.1.49_BMC_f.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5537", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147915, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147915", "Disp_Access_No" : "91.E1.37", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Rattle", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "10 9/16 in. x 4 1/2 in. (diameter) (26.75 cm x 11.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "10 9/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "4 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Gourd, metal pin, lacquered wood, and leather", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Gourd, metal pin, lacquered wood, and leather", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Pear-shaped gourd dance rattle on wood shaft w/ leather thong.", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Milton C. Nahm, Professor of Philosophy", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Pueblo, Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "rattle", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Southwest", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/91.E1.37_BMC_f_2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/91.E1.37_BMC_f_2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/91.E1.37_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.E1.37_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5473", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147914, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147914", "Disp_Access_No" : "91.E1.36", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Rattle", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "5 in. (12.7 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "5 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Gourd, wood, and leather", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Gourd, wood, and leather", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Gourd dance rattle w/ brick & black paint on wood shaft w/ leather thong: Image of dancer w/ wings", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Milton C. Nahm, Professor of Philosophy", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Pueblo, Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "rattle", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Southwest", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/91.1.36_BMC_f.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/91.1.36_BMC_f.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/91.1.36_BMC_f.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.1.36_BMC_f.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "48462", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147911, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147911", "Disp_Access_No" : "91.E1.33", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Knife with Leather Scabbard", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "10 in. x 1 in. (25.4 cm x 2.54 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "10 in.", "Disp_Width" : "1 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood, metal, and leather", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, metal, and leather", "Info_Page_Comm" : "K:scallop/dot design, carved wood handle w/ wire. S: geom. design & leather belt loop", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Milton C. Nahm, Professor of Philosophy", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "knife and scabbard", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Southwest", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/91.E1.33_BMC_f_2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/91.E1.33_BMC_f_2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/91.E1.33_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.E1.33_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "27231", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147907, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147907", "Disp_Access_No" : "91.E1.29", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Pueblo Bow Drill", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "unknown Pueblo", "Sort_Artist" : "unknown Pueblo", "Disp_Dimen" : "14 1/2 in. x 7 1/2 in. (36.83 cm x 19.05 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "14 1/2 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood, stone, leather, and sinew", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, stone, leather, and sinew", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Wooden rod w/ pottery disc at one end and crosspiece attached w/ leather thong.", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Milton C. Nahm, Professor of Philosophy", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "firestarter", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Southwest", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/91.E1.29_BMC_f_3.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/91.E1.29_BMC_f_3.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/91.E1.29_BMC_f_3.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.E1.29_BMC_f_3.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5468", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147905, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147905", "Disp_Access_No" : "91.E1.27", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Zuni Koko Doll", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "unknown Zuni", "Sort_Artist" : "unknown Zuni", "Disp_Dimen" : "16 x 6.5 x 3.5 in. (40.64 x 16.51 x 8.89 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "6.5 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood, textile, and leather", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood, textile, and leather", "Info_Page_Comm" : "W/ leather jacket, embroidered skirt, fringed leather boots & feather/yarn headdress. ", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Milton C. Nahm, Professor of Philosophy", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Zuni, Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "doll", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Southwest", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/91.E1.27_BMC_f.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/91.E1.27_BMC_f.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/91.E1.27_BMC_f.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.E1.27_BMC_f.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5467", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147904, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147904", "Disp_Access_No" : "91.E1.26", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Drum", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "5 in. (diameter) x 7 in. (12.7 cm x 17.78 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "", "Disp_Width" : "5 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Wood and leather with pigment", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wood and leather with pigment", "Info_Page_Comm" : "W/ painted green and red triangles. Leather stretched on both ends w/ leather thongs.", "Dedication" : "Bequest of Milton C. Nahm, Professor of Philosophy", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "drum", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Southwest", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/91.E1.26_BMC_f.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/91.E1.26_BMC_f.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/91.E1.26_BMC_f.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/91.E1.26_BMC_f.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5466", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147661, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147661", "Disp_Access_No" : "72.1.34", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Mittens", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "16 5/8 in. x 8 11/16 in. (Across Cuffs) (42.3 cm x 22 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "16 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "8 11/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Leather and fur", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Leather and fur", "Info_Page_Comm" : "The mittens are leather lined with black and blond seal fur and parka squirrel fur trimmed with red, black, brown.", "Dedication" : "Gift of Katherine B. Twyeffort Greene and Susan Twyeffort Spoor", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Eskimo", "Creation_Place2" : "Canada", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "mittens", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Arctic", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/72.1.34_BMC_r.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/72.1.34_BMC_r.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/72.1.34_BMC_r.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/72.1.34_BMC_r.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5444", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147660, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147660", "Disp_Access_No" : "72.1.32", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Belt", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "46 1/16 in. (includes ties) x 1 1/2 in. (117 cm x 3.8 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "46 1/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "1 1/2 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Leather with glass beads", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Leather with glass beads", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Leather backed belt with leather tie strings at ends. Predominately yellow with black, red and white designs on the 2/3's and blue, black and red on 1/3 with varied yellow and orange background.", "Dedication" : "Gift of Katherine B. Twyeffort Greene and Susan Twyeffort Spoor", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "belt", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Plains", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/72.1.32_BMC_f.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/72.1.32_BMC_f.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/72.1.32_BMC_f.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/72.1.32_BMC_f.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5442", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147659, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147659", "Disp_Access_No" : "72.1.31", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Moccasins", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "9 15/16 in. x 3 15/16 in. (25.3 cm x 10 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "9 15/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "3 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Leather with glass beads", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Leather with glass beads", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Leather soles and ankles with ties. Top is beaded with white background and yellow, green, blue, red and black designs.", "Dedication" : "Gift of Katherine B. Twyeffort Greene and Susan Twyeffort Spoor", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "moccasins", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Plains", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/72.1.31_BMC_f.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/72.1.31_BMC_f.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/72.1.31_BMC_f.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/72.1.31_BMC_f.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5441", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147148, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147148", "Disp_Access_No" : "65.E2.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Pouch", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "unknown Plains Indian", "Sort_Artist" : "unknown Plains Indian", "Disp_Dimen" : "3 3/4 in. x 4 15/16 in. (9.5 cm x 12.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "3 3/4 in.", "Disp_Width" : "4 15/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Leather with beads", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Leather with beads", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Beaded pouch.", "Dedication" : "Gift of Carol Jones", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Plains Indians, Native American, North American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "pouch", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Plains", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/65.E1.2_BMC_f_2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/65.E1.2_BMC_f_2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/65.E1.2_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.E1.2_BMC_f_2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "120256", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 147147, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/147147", "Disp_Access_No" : "65.E2.1", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1965", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1965", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1965", "Disp_Title" : "Boots", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Susy Paneak", "Sort_Artist" : "Paneak, Susy", "Disp_Dimen" : "13 in. x 7 in. x 10 in. (33.02 cm x 17.78 cm x 25.4 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "13 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Leather and fur", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Leather and fur", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Winter Boots.", "Dedication" : "Gift of H.L. Alexander", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Arctic, Likely Nunamiut, Native American, North American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "boots", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Arctic", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/65.E2.1_BMC_f.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/65.E2.1_BMC_f.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/65.E2.1_BMC_f.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/65.E2.1_BMC_f.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5176", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 146527, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/146527", "Disp_Access_No" : "55.E1.3", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Club", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "", "Sort_Artist" : "", "Disp_Dimen" : "16 5/8 in. x 7 7/8 in. (42.3 cm x 20 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "16 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "7 7/8 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "With horsehair tassle", "Medium" : "Leather with horsehair, glass, and wood (?)", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Leather with horsehair, glass, and wood (?)", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This club is a rawhide covered stick that was sewn lenthwise using sinew. It is wrapped at top and bottom with fringed red cotton that is covered by black and white beads in diamond shapes. It has a horsehair tassle and small rawhide piece attatched at one end. There would have been a stone head attached to the club, but it is missing.", "Dedication" : "Gift of George Vaux and Anne Hawks Vaux, Class of 1935, MA 1941", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Pueblo, Rio Grande Pueblo, Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "club", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Southwest", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/55.E1.3_BMC_f_ed.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/55.E1.3_BMC_f_ed.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/55.E1.3_BMC_f_ed.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.E1.3_BMC_f_ed.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5126", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 146526, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/146526", "Disp_Access_No" : "55.E1.2", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "0", "_Disp_End_Date" : "0", "Disp_Title" : "Rattle", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "unknown Navajo", "Sort_Artist" : "unknown Navajo", "Disp_Dimen" : "8 1/16 in. x 2 1/16 in. x 1 3/8 in. (20.4 cm x 5.2 cm x 3.5 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "8 1/16 in.", "Disp_Width" : "2 1/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Leather with seeds (?)", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Leather with seeds (?)", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Tanned hide folded and sewn into a tear drop shaped pouch that was gathered at the narrow end. It has dirt on it from use, and several small circular holes on surface which may be from past pest infection (?). It is the type of rattle that was utilised by Navajo chanters.", "Dedication" : "Gift of George Vaux and Anne Hawks Vaux, Class of 1935, MA 1941", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Navajo, Native American, North American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "rattle", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Southwest", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/55.E1.2_BMC_f_ed_2.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/55.E1.2_BMC_f_ed_2.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/55.E1.2_BMC_f_ed_2.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/55.E1.2_BMC_f_ed_2.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5125", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 146515, "URL" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Objects-1/info/146515", "Disp_Access_No" : "72.1.33", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1900-1950", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1900", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1950", "Disp_Title" : "Child's Vest", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Plains Indian", "Sort_Artist" : "Plains Indian", "Disp_Dimen" : "17 5/8 in. x 14 9/16 in. (44.7 cm x 37 cm)", "Disp_Height" : "17 5/8 in.", "Disp_Width" : "14 9/16 in.", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Leather, glass beads, and cloth", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Leather, glass beads, and cloth", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Vest is lined and trimmed with white and blue patterned cloth. Exterior is beaded with white background and figures on horses. There is a horse on each side in both front and back. Designs along top in blue, orange, green and red, edges are beaded in blue and white alternating pattern. Native Americans began to use traditional bead and quill embellishment on European-style vests starting in the 1890s. Beadwork and quillwork were primarily practiced by women for creative outlets and as an indication of industriousness. The colors and symbols could express important experiences or lore and particular patterns could identify tribes, families, or individuals. The gift of an intricately decorated vest like this one would be a meaningful expression of a mother’s love and heritage to her child.", "Dedication" : "Gift of Katherine B. Twyeffort Greene and Susan Twyeffort Spoor", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "Plains Indians, Native American", "Creation_Place2" : "United States", "Department" : "Anthropology", "Obj_Name" : "vest", "Period" : "", "Style" : "Plains", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/images/72.1.33_BMC_f.jpg", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Thumbnails/72.1.33_BMC_f.jpg", "PreviewPath" : "https://triarte.brynmawr.edu/Media/Previews/72.1.33_BMC_f.jpg", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/72.1.33_BMC_f.jpg", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "5443", "Image_Type" : "", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }